Sena Medal Current Affairs - 2020

Lt General Manoj Mukund: The Next Army Chief

Lt General Manoj Mukund Naravane is set to become the next chief of the Indian army. The three-year tenure of the current Army Chief Bipin Rawat ends on December 31 as he retires. However, GoI is yet to announce the name of the first Chief of Defence Staff as announced by PM Modi in his Independence Day address. The CDS is considered as one of the biggest reforms of Indian military as he will be the head of all three services and will possess nuclear arsenal powers.

About Lt General Navarne

Lt Gen Navarne is the current Vice Chief of the Army. He is nw heading the Eastern Command of the army that guards India’s 4,000 km border with China. He has also commanded infantry brigades in the eastern front and Rashtriya Rifles Battalion in J&K. He was a special appointee to give orders to the Sikh Light Infantry Regiment in 1980.

Medals and Honors

The General has benn honored with “Sena Medal” for effectively commanding his J&K battalion. He was also awarded with “Vishisht Seva Medal” for his services in leading the Assam Rifles in Nagaland. He is also the recipient of “Ati Vishisht Seva Medal” for commanding prestigious strike corps.

Indian Army officer appointed Commander of UNMISS

Indian Army’s Lieutenant General Shailesh Tinaikar was as appointed the new force commander of UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) by UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres.

About Lieutenant General Shailesh Tinaikar

  • He is a decorated Indian Army officer who has had over 34 years of long distinguished career with Indian Armed Forces.
  • Defence Service: In 1983, he graduated from Indian Military Academy (IMA). From year 1996 to 1997, he served in United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVM-III) and from 2008 to 2009, in United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMISS).
  • In between 2012 and 2017 he also commanded a division, a recruit training centre and a brigade. Later from 2017 to 2018 served as the Additional Director General of Military Operations (ADGMO) at Army Headquarters. Since 2018 he was serving as Commandant of the Infantry School.
  • He holds a Master of Philosophy (M.Phil) in Defence and Strategic Studies from The University of Madras.
  • Awards: He has won the Sena Medal and the Vishisht Seva Medal for his service to Indian Army.
  • UNMISS Appointment: The 57-year-old Lieutenant General Tinaikar succeeded Lieutenant General Frank Kamanzi of Rwanda who completed his assignment on 26 May 2019. He will command over 16,000 peacekeepers with about 2,400 from India, in South Sudan in UNMISS.

India and UNPKF

  • India is the fourth largest contributor of uniformed personnel to UN peacekeeping missions (blue helmet) throughout the world.
  • At present India contributes more than 6,400 military and police personnel to UN peace operations in the Middle East, Lebanon, Abyei, the Western Sahara, Haiti, Cyprus, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

About UNMISS

  • It was created in July 2011 when South Sudan gained independence from Sudan. It is the second biggest peacekeeping operation.
  • Until now over 67 UN peacekeepers have died while serving in mission.
  • As of March 2019 UNMISS has deployed 19,400 personnel with it.
  • India is second highest troop contributing country to UNMISS. India contributes about 2,337 Indian peacekeepers second only after Rwanda with 2,750. In addition to this India currently contributes 22 police personnel also.