Sendai Framework Current Affairs - 2019

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October 13: International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction

The International Day of Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDRR) was begun in 1989 by the United Nations General Assembly. The purpose of the day is to promote global culture towards risk awareness and disaster reduction. It celebrates how people and communities around the world reduce their exposure to disasters. Also, the day raises awareness towards the importance of reining in the risks that are faced by the global citizens.

Theme: Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services

Significance of the Theme

The theme is one of the seven targets of Sendai framework. It focuses

  • to reduce the disaster damage to infrastructure
  • Prevent disruption of basic services due to disaster damages, especially health and education.

As the death tolls due to tsunamis and earthquakes is increasing, it becomes essential to ensure if schools and hospitals are following regulations and building codes. The other areas of critical infrastructure that requires frequent monitoring includes potential life – saving utilities and services like energy, food and water supply, telecommunications and transport.

Sendai Seven Framework (2015 – 2030)

In 2015, the UNDRR – United Nations Disaster Risk Reduction launched the Sendai Seven Framework. It is a campaign that integrates all the organizations including government, NGOs, local governments, community groups, private sectors, etc. to promote the best practices to reduce disaster risks and disaster loses.

It was adopted by the UN at the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction that was held at Sendai, Japan. It is the successor agreement to the Hyogo Framework for action (2005 – 2015).

Every target is to be accomplished by the end of the corresponding year The seven global targets set by the Sendai Framework is as follows

  • 2016: Reduce the global disaster mortality by 2030 as compared to the 2005-2015
  • 2017: Reduce the number of people affected due to disaster as compared to 2005-2015
  • 2018: Reduce direct disaster economic losses in relation to global GDP by 2030.
  • 2019: Reduce disaster damage and disruption of basic services and developing their resilience by 2030
  • 2020: Increase number of countries that frame their own local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2030.
  • 2021: Enhance international cooperation to develop countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions.
  • 2022: Increase the availability and access to multi – hazard early warning systems.

International Association for Preparedness and response

It was formed in 1962. It is a non – profit organization that has volunteers and associations active in preparedness schemes and calamity emergencies. It provides resource distribution, professional networking and leading opportunities in response to disasters.

India and disasters

About 58.6% of Indian landmass is prone to earthquakes. Over 12% of Indian lands are prone to floods and river erosion, 68% of cultivable areas are prone to landslides especially in the hilly areas.

International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure was organised at Delhi by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), and in partnership with the Global Commission on Adaptation, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank.

International Agreement for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), 2015-2030

The agreement is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda which identifies investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for resilience and to build back better in reconstruction as priorities for action towards reducing disaster risk.

Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 9 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognizes disaster resilient infrastructure as a crucial driver of economic growth and development.

Objectives of the Workshop

  • Identify good practices of disaster risk management in key infrastructure sectors.
  • Identify specific areas and pathways for collaborative research on DRI (Transport, Energy, Telecom and Water).
  • Discuss and co-create the broad contours of the Coalition for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) as well as a notional roll-out plan for the next three years.
  • Build a forum for members to work on areas of common interest and make specific commitments.

The workshop brought together countries from different parts of the world, multilateral development banks, UN agencies, academia and research institutions, the private sector, academics and policy think tanks to discuss and collaborate on promoting policies and practices towards achieving disaster resilience of large infrastructure systems.