Sewage Treatment Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI flagship scheme, AMRUT extended by 2 years

On December 18, 2019, the Government of India extended the deadline of its flagship scheme AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation) by two more years. The mission was launched in 2015 by PM Modi promising 139 lakh water connections and 145 lakh sewer connections by March 2020. The expenditure of the mission was estimated as Rs 77,640 crores.


According to Data Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, in the last five years 2,316 projects have been completed so far at an expense of Rs 7,195 crore. The ministry also says that 46% of water connection and 28.3% of sewer connections have been achieved between June 2015 and December 2019. GoI has so far implemented the mission, prioritizing water connections to households.

AMRUT scheme

After its launch, Rajasthan was the first state to submit its State Annual Action Plan (SAAP). The plan is submitted by the state governments to the centre. With the help of the plan the centre formulates city level estimation of budget required to avail water supply, draining system, sewerages, digital and internet facilities, industrial and transport facilities, etc.

The SAAP was submitted by West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh (for Amaravati project that was closed recently), Haryana, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana.

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2nd phase of LOTUS-HR launched in New Delhi

The second phase of an Indo-Dutch project called Local Treatment of Urban Sewage Streams for Healthy Reuse, or LOTUS-HR was launched at Barapullah drain in New Delhi by Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan and the Dutch Royal couple, Netherlands King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima.

The Dutch Royal couple is on a five-day visit to India at the invitation of President Ram Nath Kovind. This trip will be King Willem-Alexander’s first state visit to India following his ascension to the throne in 2013. The visit is expected to boost political and economic cooperation between two countries.


It is a water treatment laboratory that seeks to treat dirty water of Barapullah Drain before it deposits into Yamuna. The project was set up in 2017 at the Sun Dial Park in New Delhi as part of collaboration between governments of India and Netherlands. Upon commissioning, this innovative pilot scale modular plant will treat 10,000 litre sewage water per day and will also showcase a self-sustaining model for end user.

Objective: To demonstrate a holistic waste-water management approach that will produce clean water which can further be reused for various purposes.

Bodies Involved: It is jointly supported by Department of Biotechnology, under Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. Moreover, IIT-Delhi and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) are partners in this project.

Technology being used in LOTUS-HR is called wetland technique.

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