Sex Ratio Current Affairs - 2020

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January 24: National Girl Child Day

India celebrates National Girl Child Day on January 24 annually. It was initiated by Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2008.

Highlights

The aim of the day is to spread awareness about inequalities faced by girls in the country. It also promotes awareness about rights of girl child. Also, it increases importance of health, education and nutrition of girl child.  The National Girl Child Day also spreads various atrocities faced by girls in their lives. The international day of girl child is celebrated on October 11 every year.

Need

Girls in India face humiliation, discrimination and oppression. According to CRY (Child Rights and You) India is the home of more than one-third child brides in the world. There are more than 10 million child brides in the world, They are forced into marriage before the legal age of 18

Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio is the ratio of male to female population. Sex ratio of the entire world is 101 males to 100 females (2018 estimate). In India according to the Census 2011, the sex ration was 108.9. It has been increasing since 1961. It was 102.4 in 1961, 104.2 in 1980 and 107.5 in 2001.

The natural sex ratio for a society should be between 103 and 107. However, in India it is higher in western and north western states such as Haryana, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir. The eastern and southern states have normal sex ratio.

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World Economic Forum Report: India slips to rank 112 in Gender Gap

On December 17, the World Economic Forum released its report according to which India ranked 112th in terms of gender gap. The report said that the India was ranked in bottom-five in terms of survival and economic participation.

Highlights: India

India was in 108th position in 2018. Its performance weakened in the year 2019 according to the report. India’s performance was lagging in three out of four metrics used for ranking the countries. India slipped to 150th rank in health and survival, 149th in economic participation, 112th in educational attainment. India improved to 18th place in terms of political empowerment.

The report also said that opportunities for women in India is very low. India was ranked below countries like Bangladesh (50th), Indonesia (85th), Brazil (92nd), Nepal (101st), Sri Lanka (102nd), China (106th).

The World Economic Forum published its first report in 2006. Since then performance of India has deteriorated. In 2006, India was ranked at 98th place. Opportunities for women in the country is 35.4%. Sex ratio of India was low as compared to other countries (91 girls for every 100 boys).

Highlights: World

Iceland was the topmost gender-neutral country. Next to Iceland, other Nordic Countries like Norway, Finland and Sweden were the top performers. At the top 10, countries like Nicaragua (5th), New Zealand (6th), Ireland (7th), Spain (8th), Rwanda (9th) and Germany (10th). United States continued to decline falling to 53rd place

Though there are several hinderance for the situation to get improved, role model effect will start to have impact in terms of leadership. For instance, eight out of top 10 countries had high political empowerment with greater participation from women.

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