Sex Ratio Current Affairs - 2019
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National Girl Child Day (NGCD) is celebrated in India on January 24th with an aim to raise awareness about Child Sex Ratio (CSR) levels and promote the empowerment of girls.
The key objectives of National Girl Child Day are as follows:
- To spread awareness about the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in the country and carry out campaigns to improve the same.
- To empower the girl children with new opportunities via schemes and campaigns.
- To create a positive environment around valuing the girl child.
Theme of NGCD-2019
The theme of National Girl Child Day-2019 is “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow”
International Day of Girl Child versus National Girl Child Day
The International Day of the Girl Child is observed every year across world on October 11 to recognize girls’ rights and unique challenges faced by girls around the world. Observance of the day seeks to increase awareness of gender inequality faced by girls worldwide based upon their gender and supports more opportunity for girls.
The child sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Haryana for the first time has touched 900-mark in two decades. SRB in December 2016 in Haryana was 914.
From January to December 2016 out of 5,25,278 children were born in Haryana, 2,76,414 were boys and 2,48,864 were girl.
Reasons for increase in SRB in Haryana
- In 2011, India’s child sex ratio stood at 914 girls to 1000 boys, the lowest since Independence and Haryana had a child sex ratio 834 girls to 1000 boys, far worse than the national average.
- The recent improvement SRB in Haryana was made possible due to effective implementation of the law against illegal sex determination and female foeticide.
- Besides, Union Government also had launched the ambitious “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” (B3P) campaign against female foeticide in Panipat in January 2015.
- Strong political will coupled with convergence of all departments at the district-level and co-ordinated efforts by all districts in the State played important role to achieve this goal.
- State Government also had initiated an aggressive drive against female foeticide by ensuring stringent implementation of Medical Terminal of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994.
- Regular awareness was created through regular meetings, street plays and rallies in urban and rural areas as part of the programme.
- Moreover, Haryana girls including Sakshi Malik, Geeta and Babita Phogat, and Deepa Malik, winning laurels for the country in sports also helped the cause “tremendously”.