Sex Ratio Current Affairs
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The child sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Haryana for the first time has touched 900-mark in two decades. SRB in December 2016 in Haryana was 914.
From January to December 2016 out of 5,25,278 children were born in Haryana, 2,76,414 were boys and 2,48,864 were girl.
Reasons for increase in SRB in Haryana
- In 2011, India’s child sex ratio stood at 914 girls to 1000 boys, the lowest since Independence and Haryana had a child sex ratio 834 girls to 1000 boys, far worse than the national average.
- The recent improvement SRB in Haryana was made possible due to effective implementation of the law against illegal sex determination and female foeticide.
- Besides, Union Government also had launched the ambitious “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” (B3P) campaign against female foeticide in Panipat in January 2015.
- Strong political will coupled with convergence of all departments at the district-level and co-ordinated efforts by all districts in the State played important role to achieve this goal.
- State Government also had initiated an aggressive drive against female foeticide by ensuring stringent implementation of Medical Terminal of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994.
- Regular awareness was created through regular meetings, street plays and rallies in urban and rural areas as part of the programme.
- Moreover, Haryana girls including Sakshi Malik, Geeta and Babita Phogat, and Deepa Malik, winning laurels for the country in sports also helped the cause “tremendously”.
According new data from Civil Registration System ( CRS) released by the Office of the Registrar General of India, Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) continues to worsen in India.
The SRB has declined to 887 in 2014 from 898 in 2013. The ratio has been declining since 2011 when the figure was 909. Thus, Sex ratio at birth is still on the decline.
- The SRB based on CRS figures indicate the gap between registered male and female births, calculated as the number of females per thousand males.
- Highest SRB has been reported in Lakshadweep (1043), followed by Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1031) and Arunachal Pradesh (993).
- Lowest SRB has been reported in Manipur (684), Rajasthan (799) and Tamil Nadu (834). These states have worst SRB.
- The level of registration of births with CRS has been improving. In 2014, it is estimated that 88.8% births were registered, up from 85.6 % in 2013.
- 16 States/UTs recorded all births. 14 out of 20 major States crossed the 90% level of registration of births in 2014.
- The new date show that the majority of births in 2014 occurred in an institution i.e. government or private hospital. Institutional delivery accounted for 72% of all births.
- Another 14.1% births were attended by physicians/nurse/midwife. However, around 3.8% of the cases were still attended by an untrained midwife.
- While 38.7% of the total registered deaths had occurred in institution, 23.3% did not receive any medical attention at the time of death.
- Only about 8.0% of the deceased received medical attention from qualified allopathic professional.