Sex Ratio Current Affairs - 2019
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According new data from Civil Registration System ( CRS) released by the Office of the Registrar General of India, Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) continues to worsen in India.
The SRB has declined to 887 in 2014 from 898 in 2013. The ratio has been declining since 2011 when the figure was 909. Thus, Sex ratio at birth is still on the decline.
- The SRB based on CRS figures indicate the gap between registered male and female births, calculated as the number of females per thousand males.
- Highest SRB has been reported in Lakshadweep (1043), followed by Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1031) and Arunachal Pradesh (993).
- Lowest SRB has been reported in Manipur (684), Rajasthan (799) and Tamil Nadu (834). These states have worst SRB.
- The level of registration of births with CRS has been improving. In 2014, it is estimated that 88.8% births were registered, up from 85.6 % in 2013.
- 16 States/UTs recorded all births. 14 out of 20 major States crossed the 90% level of registration of births in 2014.
- The new date show that the majority of births in 2014 occurred in an institution i.e. government or private hospital. Institutional delivery accounted for 72% of all births.
- Another 14.1% births were attended by physicians/nurse/midwife. However, around 3.8% of the cases were still attended by an untrained midwife.
- While 38.7% of the total registered deaths had occurred in institution, 23.3% did not receive any medical attention at the time of death.
- Only about 8.0% of the deceased received medical attention from qualified allopathic professional.
The Union Government has extended the Beti Bachao Beti Padho Scheme in additional 61 districts across 11 States and Union Territories with low Child Sex Ratio.
It was announced by the Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi while addressing the function in New Delhi.
About Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme
- The scheme is designed to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio and related issues of disempowerment of women through a life cycle continuum.
- The main objective is to prevent gender biased sex selective elimination by strict enforcement of laws with stringent punishment to violators.
- It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015 from Haryana in 100 districts of the country to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio.
- The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD), is the nodal agency for the implementation of the scheme.