Shaheed-dweep Current Affairs
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The Union Government has decided to rename Ross, Neil and Havelock islands of Andaman. The Ross, Neil and Havelock Islands are to be named as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Island, Shaheed Dweep, and Swaraj Dweep, respectively.
The announcement about renaming is expected to be made by PM Narendra Modi on 30 December during his visit to the Islands. 30th December marks the 75th anniversary of the Netaji’s visit to the Andaman Islands.
Netaji’s connect with the Andaman Islands
Netaji, accompanied by Sarvashri Anand Mohan Sahay, Captain Rawat-ADC and Colonel DS Raju, the personal physician of Netaji, landed at the Port Blair aerodrome in Andaman on 29th December 1943. Netaji was accorded a warm welcome. Netaji had appointed Indian National Army General AD Loganathan as the governor of the islands.
After the Japanese captured the Andaman Island during the time of the Second World War, Netaji had hoisted the flag at Port Blair on December 30, 1943. This was because he believed that Port Blair was the first territory to be freed from British rule. Netaji had even suggested way back that the Andaman and Nicobar Islands be renamed as Shahid and Swaraj Dweep.
Government to release Rs 75 commemorative coin to mark 75th anniversary of Tricolour hoisting by Bose
Union Ministry of Finance has announced to release Rs 75 commemorative coin on occasion of 75th anniversary of hoisting of Tricolour for first time by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose at Cellular Jail, Port Blair on December 30, 1943. Earlier on October 21, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had hoisted National Flag at Red Fort and unveiled plaque to commemorate 75th Anniversary of formation of Azad Hind Government, formed by Bose.
Features of coin
The 35-gram coin will be composed of 50% silver, 40% copper, and 5% each of nickel and zinc. It will bear the portrait of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose saluting flag on background of cellular jail. It will have numeral 75th along with inscription “anniversary” will be depicted below portrait. It will also have inscription in both Devanagari script and English saying ‘First Flag Hoisting Day’.
First Flag Hoisting by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose on December 30, 1943 had hoisted Tricolor for first time on free Indian soil at Cellular Jail of Port Blair during his visit to Andaman and declaring the island as the free territory from the British rule. It was much before India attained Independence in 1947. On same occasion, he had announced freedom of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (making it first Indian Territory) from the British rule and renamed them as “Shaheed-dweep” (Martyr Island) and “Swaraj-dweep” (Self-rule Island). The island at that time was liberated from British rule by Japan which captured it during World War – II. Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan of Indian National Army (INA) was made the Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.