Shaurya Chakra Current Affairs - 2019
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President Ramnath Kovind conferred the Gallantry Awards and the Distinguished Service Decorations as part of the Defence Investiture Ceremony- 2019 to Armed Forces Personnel for displaying conspicuous gallantry, indomitable courage and extreme devotion to duty at a solemn ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhawan.
Among the recipients are Army Chief General Bipin Rawat, who was presented the Param Vishisht Seva Medal; Major Tushar Gauba, who was awarded the Kirti Chakra and Vice Admiral Sunil Anand, who was given the Nao Sena Medal, among others.
Gallantry Awards in India
The government of India constituted Gallantry Awards on 26th January 1950 and were deemed to have effect from the 15th August 1947. Further, on 4th January 1952, three more Gallantry Awards i.e. the Ashoka Chakra Class-I, the Ashoka Chakra Class-II and the Ashoka Chakra Class-III were instituted by the Government of India on 4th January 1952. These awards were renamed as the Ashoka Chakra, the Kirti Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra respectively in January 1967.
Order of precedence of the Gallantry awards is the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, the Mahavir Chakra, the Kirti Chakra, the Vir Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra. Gallantry Awards are announced twice in India on the occasion of Independence Day and Republic Day.
President Pranab Mukherjee has conferred the country’s highest peacetime gallantry award Ashok Chakra to Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami posthumously.
On the eve of 67th Republic Day celebrations President has approved 365 Gallantry awards and other Defence decorations to Armed Forces personnel and others. It includes one Ashoka Chakra, 4 Kirti Chakras and 11 Shaurya Chakras.
- Ashok Chakra: Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami (Posthumous). He belonged to 9 PARA (Special Force) and laid down his life while fighting LeT militants in Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Kirti Chakra: Subedar Mahendra Singh of 9 PARA (Special Force).
- Sepoy Jagdish Chand (Posthumous) of 546 DSC Platoon.
- Shaurya Chakra: Colonel Santosh Mahadik (Posthumous) of 41 Rashtriya Rifle (PARA).
- Major Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj of 12 PARA (Special Force).
- Major Sandip Yadav of 55 Rashtriya Rifle (Armed).
- Major Anurag Kumar of 9 PARA (Special Force).
- Lieutenant Harjinder Singh of 3 KUMAON.
- Naik Satish Kumar (Posthumous) of 21 Rashtriya Rifle (Guards).
- Naik Kheem Singh Mehra of 21 KUMAON.
- Sepoy Dharma Ram (Posthumous) of 1 Rashtriya Rifle (MAHAR).
Kirti Chakra is the second highest peace time gallantry award i.e. awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle. Shaurya Chakra is third highest peace time gallantry award generally awarded for counterinsurgency operations and actions against the enemy during peace-time.