Shia Current Affairs - 2020

Hezbollah classified as Terrorist Organization by Germany

On April 30, 2020, Germany classified the organization Hezbollah as a terrorist organization in its soil. According to an early morning operation conducted by the German police, more than 1,000 people in Germany belong to the Hezbollah extremist wing.

Hezbollah

The Hezbollah is a Shia Islamist political party that is based in Lebanon. The organization was founded by the Iranian effort in 1980s to aggregate Lebanese Shia groups. In the on-going Iran-Israel conflicts, Hezbollah acts as a proxy for Iran.

Foundation

In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon and occupied a strip of south Lebanon. Hezbollah was then founded by the Muslim clerics in the region and was funded by Iran to harass Israeli occupation.

Iran-Israel proxy war

The conflict between Iran and Israel is a political struggle of Iran to dissolve the Jewish state, Israel. It emerged from Iran’s hostility towards Israel during Iranian Revolution in 1979. It then increased with Iranian support to Hezbollah during South Lebanon conflict.

Hezbollah manifesto

In 1985, Hezbollah created a manifesto that listed to expel the French, Americans and all their allies putting an end to the colonial rule.

United Nations

The United Nations Security Council operating for world peace, had disbanded and disarmed all the Lebanese militia. However, the organization has not yet made a decision over the Hezbollah group.

US House votes to end American involvement in Yemen’s Civil War

The US House of Representatives has voted to end US involvement in Yemen’s civil war. The resolution to end the American Involvement in the civil war was approved by 247 to 175 votes. The resolution directs the US President to remove US Armed Forces from hostilities in or affecting the Republic of Yemen within 30 days. The resolution rejects the US Presidents support for the Saudi-led campaign in Yemen.

Yemen Civil War

  • The roots of the civil war can be traced to the failure of a political transition which was supposed to bring stability to Yemen following an Arab Spring uprising which forced the longtime authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, in 2011.
  • President Hadi struggled to deal with a variety of problems, including attacks by jihadists, a separatist movement in the south, continuing loyalty of security personnel to Saleh, as well as corruption, unemployment and food insecurity.
  • The Houthis and security forces loyal to Saleh in a bid to regain power attempted to take control of the entire country, forcing Mr Hadi to flee abroad in March 2015.
  • Alarmed by the unfolding events which they believed to be backed militarily by regional Shia power Iran, Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states began an air campaign aimed at restoring Mr Hadi’s government.
  • The war has led to a military stalemate. Even though the government and the Houthis agreed to a ceasefire, they are yet to start withdrawing, raising fears that the deal will collapse.

Even though the resolution has been passed with an overwhelming majority at the House of Representatives, Mr Trump is expected to veto the legislation. White House has called the resolution as flawed and warned it would harm bilateral relations in the region.