Shimla Current Affairs - 2019

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International Lavi fair being organised in Himachal Pradesh

The four-day-long International Lavi fair is being organised in Rampur district of Shimla, Himanchal Pradesh from 11 to 14 November 2019. It was inaugurated by Himachal Pradesh Governor Bandaru Dattatreya. The governor also inaugurated ‘Kinnauri market’ and an exhibition organised by various government departments.

About International Lavi fair

The Lavi Fair, is almost 400 years old and dates back to time when Raja Kehari Singh of Rampur Bushahr state signed a treaty to promote trade with Tibet. For centuries this fair has remained an important trade fair between India and Tibet. It has been a unique example of glorious, social, cultural, economic history and legacy of Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh.

Every year, the main attraction during the fair is sale and purchase of Chamurthi horses– an endangered species of horse which traces its origin to the Tibet region. Chamurthi horses  are also known as the ‘ship of the cold desert’.

The Lavi fair has its own historical importance and is famous not only for trading activities but also for its age old long traditions, which even today remains as vibrant as ever. It plays an important role in preserving the rich cultural heritage of state and restoring old glory.

The fair provided a good opportunity for promotion and sale of woollens, dry fruits and other traditional crafts and products, besides benefiting the traditional craftsmen and farmers. Such trade fairs also provide self-employment opportunities to the rural people.

Himachal Pradesh makes GPS device mandatory for trekkers

The Himachal Pradesh (HP) government has made it compulsory for trekkers to carry a GPS (Global Positioning System) device to tackle any exigency. This decision was taken at a review meeting on preparedness for the monsoon chaired by Shrikant Baldi, Additional Chief Secretary cum-Pr. Secretary to Jai Ram Thakur, Chief Minister, HP.

Key Highlights

Need: Being a disaster-prone state, it is essential for Himachal Pradesh to pay special heed to disseminating weather advisories as well as installing early warning systems in state. It is also important to restrict trekking and other yatras undertaken in state during adverse weather.

Significance: Since it would be made mandatory for trekkers to carry a GPS device with them, they could now be provided all possible help in case of any emergency.

Other Provision:

Early Warning Systems will soon be installated in Kullu district and Dalhousie town of state.

Towns of Rampur and Mandi have been zeroed in for setting up of relief and rescue base of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). NDRF is a specialised force constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005. It is responsible for purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster.

Facts about Himanchal Pradesh

Geography: It is bounded by Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) state to the north, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) to east, Uttarakhand to southeast, Haryana to its south, and Punjab to west.

It got the statehood on 25 January 1971, and became 18th state of the Indian Union.

Capitals: HP has two capitals, viz. Shimla and Dharamshala (Second Capital in Winter)

Earthquake Prone: According to BIS seismic zonation map, Himachal Pradesh falls in Zone IV (High Damage Risk Zone) and Zone V (seismically the most active region).