Sierra Leone Current Affairs - 2020

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WHO declares Guinea Ebola free

World Health Organization (WHO), a UN health agency has declared Guinea Ebola-free after no new cases were reported. Now the country enters into 90-day period of heightened surveillance of WHO.

In Guinea, the deadly disease had killed more than 2,500 people and had completely shattered country’s economy and country’s health and education sectors.

Criteria for declaring a nation Ebola-free

WHO can declare a country Ebola free after no new cases are reported from human-to-human transmission over two incubation periods of virus i.e. 21 days. Earlier, WHO had declared Liberia Ebola-free in September 2015 and was followed by Sierra Leone in November 2015.

Ebola outbreak

Guinea was birthplace of deadliest Ebola outbreak in history and was initially centred on country’s remote south-eastern region of Nzerekore in 2013. Later it had spread to its neighbouring countries Liberia and Sierra Leone and also seven other countries. After it began in 2013 it has killed more than 11,300 people in these three worst hit western African nations. Liberia with 4809 deaths was worst hit among these three western African nations in this deadly outbreak.

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WHO officially declares Sierra Leone Ebola-free

World Health Organization (WHO), a U.N. health agency has officially declared Sierra Leone Ebola-free.

This announcement is considered as a major milestone in UN-backed efforts to wipe out Ebola from the three western African countries viz. Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.

Key facts

  • WHO’s announcement comes after no new cases were reported over two incubation periods of human-to-human transmission of Ebola virus, each of 21 days (Total 42 days) in Sierra Leone.
  • Now, Sierra Leone’s neighbour Guinea is the only western African country still having few reported cases Ebola since the deadly outbreak began in December 2013.
  • Earlier in May 2015, WHO had officially declared Liberia as first country to be Ebola-free.
  • Since May 2014 after the first Ebola case was reported in Sierra Leone, total 8,704 people were infected with the deadly disease and around 3,589 have died due it, of them 221 are healthcare workers.

Summary of Ebola Outbreak

  • The current Ebola outbreak is considered as the deadliest in history. It was initially centred on Guinea’s remote south-eastern region of Nzerekore in early 2013 and later had spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • Liberia was worst hit among the western African nations in this outbreak. As per WHO estimates, the deadly epidemic has infected more than 28,600 people across the three hardest-hit West African nations and has claimed 11,300 lives since December 2013.

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