Sikhism Current Affairs - 2020

Islamic State claims responsible for Gunmen attack in Sikh Gurudwara, Kabul

On March 25, 2020, 11 people were killed in a terror attack that targeted a “Dharmashala” in Kabul. The Dharamshala is reported to have sizeable number of Hindu and Sikh minorities. The Islamic State Organization has claimed to take responsibility to the attack.

Highlights

Around 150 were praying in the Gurudwara when it was attacked. The Shor Bazar area of Kabul, where the attack took place was once home to several Gurudwaras. However, many were destroyed during fighting in 1980s.

What is the issue?

The Conflict between Afghan Muslims and Sikhs has routes to 18th century. The conflict began with series of wars between Islamic Durrani Empire in Afghanistan and Sikh Empire in Punjab. The conflicts existed since the days of Dal Khalsa. Dal Khalsa is a Sikh Army that operated in 18th century.

The Battle of Attock was the first war that took place between the 2 communities.

February 9: Ravidas Jayanti celebrated across India

The birth anniversary of the 14th century saint Ravidas was celebrated all over India on Febraury 9th. PM Modi and President Kovind and other leaders paid tribute to Guru Ravidas.

Highlights

The saint emphasized brotherhood and harmony to bring upon positive change in the society. His songs are included in Guru Granth Sahib.

About Ravidas

Ravidas was an Indian mystic poet. His teachings are highly popular in the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The poet was a social reformer. His teachings deal with Nirguna-Saguna theme.

Nirguna-Saguna

Nirguna is knowledge focused and Saguna is love-focused. These two were alternate ways of imagining god during the Bhakti Movement.

Bhakti Movement

Bhakti movement began to reform Hinduism. It swept over North and East India between 15th and 17th century. In South India it originated in 18th century. It acted as a catalyst for the formation of Sikhism. At the end of the movement, salvation that was available only to men was then available to everyone!