Six Day war Current Affairs - 2019
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Israel honors 1971 war (Bangladesh’s Liberation War) hero Lt. Gen. (retd) Jack Farj Rafael (JFR) Jacob with a plaque on Wall of Honour at the Ammunition Hill, Israel.
- He was one of the most prominent members of India’s relatively small Jewish community, who served as a Lieutenant General in Indian Army and as the chief of staff of Indian Army’s Eastern Command.
- He also fought in World War II and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
- He negotiated the historic surrender of Pakistani troops in Dhaka after the 1971 war.
- He later became Governor of two Indian states Goa and Punjab.
- He died in 2016 at the age of 92.
The Wall of Honour
- It pays tributes to heroism and courage of Jewish soldiers who fought in defence of the countries they lived in. It also honors their embodied virtues like values of bravery, loyalty, commitment and dedication to a mission, leadership, creativity, camaraderie and sanctity of life.
- The Wall has plaques honoring more than 340 people namely privates, high ranking army officers, women, front line fighters and humble members of supporting units who implemented these virtues.
- It has one more plaque honoring Lt. Gen. Joseph ‘Jerry’ Jhirad, an Indian Jewish soldier, who died in 1965 war against Pakistan.
- The 90-feet high structure with a flag was donated by Sam Marshall, an Indian Jew, who in association with India-born Jewish Judge, Abe Sofaer of US initiated move to honour Lt. Gen. Jacob at Wall of Honour.
- It was a fortified Jordanian military post in northern part of Jordanian ruled East Jerusalem. It is the site of one of fiercest battles during Six Day War (Arab–Israeli War 1967) in Israel lost 21 soldiers but emerged victorious.
- It has become a national memorial site where young soldiers and officers are inducted into Israel Defence Forces (IDF) and salute Israeli flag.
US President Trump has announced that the US will recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights. This is a departure from the earlier stand of US where it treated Golan Heights as occupied Syrian territory, in line with United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions.
What is the dispute over Golan Heights?
Until 1967 Golan Heights was part of Syria. Israel occupied the Golan Heights during the Six Day war (Third Arab Israeli war) held in 1967. Israel annexed the region unilaterally in 1981. This unilateral annexation was not recognised by the international community and the Golan Heights was seen as Occupied Syrian Territory.
Why Israel is ken on Golan Heights?
- Israel argues that civil war in Syria demonstrates the need to keep the plateau as a buffer zone between Israeli towns and the instability of its neighbour.
- Israel also fears that Iran is seeking to establish itself permanently on the Syrian side of the border in order to launch attacks on Israel.
- Golan’s water resources and naturally fertile soil.
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) is stationed in camps and observation posts along the Golan. There is a 400-square-km (155-square-mile) “Area of Separation” called a demilitarized zone between the Israeli and Syrian armies.
Further Separation of Forces Agreement of May 31, 1974, created an Alpha Line to the west of the area of separation, behind which Israeli military forces must remain, and a Bravo Line to the east behind which Syrian military forces must remain.
25 km beyond the “Area of Separation” on both sides is an “Area of Limitation” in which there are restrictions on the number of troops and number and kinds of weapons that both sides can have there.
Tags: Alpha Line • Area of Limitation • Area of Separation • Bravo Line • Golan heights • Iran • Israel • Six Day war • Syria • Third Arab Israeli war • UNDOF • United Nations Disengagement Observer Force • United Nations Security Council • UNSC • USA