Skill development Current Affairs - 2020

MSME: Technology Centres help to manufacture micro parts of COVID-19 kits

The technology centres that are operating under the Ministry of MSME (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) are manufacturing critical parts of the RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) machines.

Highlights

The technology centres in Jamshedpur, Bhubaneswar and Kolkata that are operating under Ministry of MSME are now manufacturing parts of RT-PCR machines. However, these machines are variants of the main RT-PCRs. They are called the Real Time Quantitative Micro PCR System. These machines give results in less than an hour. Also, they are compact and can be easily carried for testing anywhere.

What are the Technology Centres?

The Technology Centres were established by the Ministry of MSME. They play crucial role in providing skill development training to over 2 lakh youth and industry workforce. Today there are 18 technology centres in India. They provide design and manufacture of tools, mould and dies, precision components, forging and foundry, electrical measuring instruments, glass, footwear, sports goods, etc. Some of the technology centres also fulfill the needs of aerospace, defence and research and development.

Home Ministry issues SOPs for movement of stranded migrant labourers

On April 19, 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs issued Standard of Operating Procedure for movement of stranded migrant labourers.

Highlights

The workers employed in construction, agriculture, industries and other sectors have been moved from their work places and have been housed in shelter camps and relief shelters. These centres are being run by the state governments and Union Territories. In order to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the movement of these labourers are to be managed under a Standard of Operating Procedure.

Guidelines

The following are the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs

  • The migrants in the shelters should be registered with a local authority.
  • Skill mapping of the migrants should be carried out to find suitability of various kinds of works.
  • The migrants shall not move outside the state or union territory that they are currently located.
  • Social Distancing norms should be followed during their transport
  • Local authorities should provide food and water for the journey of the workers.

The Ministry of Home Affairs also allowed movement of stranded migrant workers inside the state. The ministry also allowed these workers to work in states and union territories where they are currently located.