Skill development Current Affairs - 2020
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The Ministry of Power has partnered with Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship to train the manpower in six states for speedy implementation of its Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna (Saubhagya Scheme). These six states are Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
Under this partnership, around 47,000 Distribution Lineman-Multi Skills and 8,500 Technical Helpers will be trained to meet the requirement of power sector projects under Saubhagya scheme. The training infrastructures will be available with ITI’s at district level as well as infrastructures available with State Power Distribution Utilities will be utilized for skill training of candidates ensuring successful implementation of scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna (Saubhagya Scheme)
Objective: To achieve universal household electrification in all parts of the country. The scheme primarily benefits rural areas, which have vast majority of households without power connections.
Funding: Total outlay of scheme is Rs. 16,320 crore of which Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) is Rs. 12,320 crore. It is being funded to extent of 60% by central grants, 30% by bank loans and 10% by states. Of total outlay of Rs 16,320 crore, rural areas will get Rs 14,025 crore. For urban households outlay is Rs. 2,295 crore. States will be provided with incentive of 50% of their loan being converted to grants, if electrification targets under the scheme are met by 31 December 2018.
Identification of beneficiaries: The government will use Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 data to identify beneficiaries for free electricity connections. Un-electrified households not covered under SECC data will also be provided electricity connections on payment of Rs. 500 which will be recovered by DISCOMs in 10 installments through electricity bill.
Implementing agencies: The Rural Electrification Corporation Limited under Ministry of Power is nodal agency for the operationalisation of the scheme throughout the country. To ensure on-the-spot registration, mobile applications will be used. Gram Panchayat and public institutions in rural areas will be authorised to carry out billing and collection tasks.
Benefits: Free connections will be provided to below poverty line (BPL) households and even those not covered under this category can avail electricity connection by paying Rs. 500 in 10 instalments with their monthly bill. There will be no subsidy component for monthly electricity consumption.
Remote areas: For those household where national electricity grid cannot reach, households will be provided with solar power packs along with battery banks. Remote hamlets will be powered with solar panels along with 5 LED lamps, DC fan and plug point along with repair and maintenance for five years.
Tags: Government Schemes • Ministry of Power • Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship • Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna • Saubhagya Scheme
The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship have signed MoU to conduct skill development training programmes for agriculture and allied sector. These skill development training programmes will be conducted at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs).
The MoU will help to increase cooperation between both ministries and help in fulfilling Government’s dream of “Kaushal Bharat-Kushal Bharat”. It will help to increase agricultural productivity, post-harvest management and fair-prices to the farmers for their produce, lower risk in agriculture and strengthen and develop other aspects of farmers’ income such as horticulture, animal husbandry, beekeeping, dairying, fisheries etc.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
KVK is a project of ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) for testing and transfer of Agricultural technologies at grassroot level. These centres are located in every state. The first KVK, on a pilot basis was established in 1974 at Puducherry under the administrative control of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
At present there are 668 KVKs, out of which 458 are under Central Agricultural University (CAU) and State Agricultural Universities (SAU), 55 under ICAR Institutes, 35 under State Governments, 100 under NGOs, and remaining 17 under other educational institutions.
Mandate of KVK
Its mandate is of technology assessment and demonstration for its application and capacity development. Each KVK is envisaged with following activities
- On-farm testing to assess location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
- Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies
- Frontline demonstrations of technologies to establish production potential on fields.
- Work as knowledge and resource centre of agricultural technologies to support initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors to improve agricultural economy of district.
- Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers.
- Increase self-employment opportunities among farming communities.