Skill India Current Affairs - 2019

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Centre to remove Minimum Education requirement for Transport Drivers

The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has decided to remove requirement of minimum educational qualification (class 8th pass) for transport vehicle drivers in country.

Key Highlights

Background: Currently, as per the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, a transport vehicle driver must need to have passed Class VIII. Initially, Haryana state government had requested Centre for waiver of minimum educational qualification condition for drivers belonging to economically backward Mewat region of Haryana where the residing population is dependent for livelihood on low-income earning pursuits such as driving, and even though many people in region possessed required driving skill but not had required educational qualification, thus were finding it difficult to obtain driving license.

Benefits: This move will benefit skilled persons in economically backward areas and will open up employment opportunities for a large number of unemployed youth (especially rural areas), who may not have a formal education but are otherwise skilled and literate. It will also help meet shortage of nearly 22 lakh drivers in country’s transport and logistics sector, which is hindering economic growth.

Balancing Act: Although removing the minimum educational qualification requirement is being welcomed but emphasis must be laid upon training and skill testing of drivers so that road safety is not compromised in any way.

Key Decisions:

MoRTH emphasized that anyone applying for a driving license will have to mandatory pass a stringent skill test.

It also made a point that training imparted by a school/establishment as mentioned in the Motor Vehicles Act 1988, should compulsorily ensure that driver can read signs and perform logistical duty like maintaining driver logs, submitting pre-trip and post-trip records, inspecting trucks/trailers, determining any kind of discrepancies in paperwork as well as must have effective communication to report safety hazards.

Since driving schools are subject to regulatory control by states therefore, training imparted should be of high quality, and must cover all aspects of driving a particular type of motor vehicle.

Way Ahead

The central government has initiated process of amendment to rule 8 of Central Motor Vehicles (CMV) 1989 for removing minimum education qualification criteria and draft notification in this regard will be issued soon.

Month: Categories: Constitution & Law

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National Institute of Design at Bhopal and Jorhat Inaugurated

The National Institute of Design has been inaugurated at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh and Jorhat in Assam. The Union Minister for Commerce and Industries Suresh Prabhu inaugurated the Institutions.

Establishment of National Institute of Design

  • Design and innovation have taken prime importance in many sectors, policies, and schemes of the government like “Make in India”, “Skill India”, “Digital India”, “Startup India”, and “Smart City initiatives”. Hence it is imperative to promote design education.
  • National Design Policy 2007 had recommended setting up design institutes on the lines of NID, Ahmedabad in other parts of India to promote design programs. Hence National Institute of Design is being established Andhra Pradesh (Amaravati), Assam (Jorhat), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal) and Haryana (Kurukshetra).
  • NIDs in different regions of the country will help produce highly skilled manpower in design which, in turn, will create job opportunities, both direct and indirect, by providing sustainable design interventions for crafts, handloom, rural technology, small, medium and large-scale enterprises and outreach programs for capacity, capability and institution building.
  • NIDs will fulfil the requirement of designers in the country and expose them to employment opportunities, which will lead the country towards higher socio-economic growth.

National Institute of Design

  • The National Institute of Design was established based on the recommendations of the Eames Report. It was established as an autonomous all-India body in September 1961 at Ahmedabad in association with the Ford Foundation and the Sarabhai family.
  • Over the years, the National Institute of Design has emerged as an internationally finest educational and research institutions for Industrial, Communication, Textile and IT Integrated (Experiential) Design. It works as an autonomous institution under the aegis of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The National Institute of Design has been declared ‘Institution of National Importance’ by the Act of Parliament, by virtue of the National Institute of Design Act 2014.

The National Design Institution at Bhopal and Jorhat will provide  4-year undergraduate courses in industrial design, communication design and apparel & textile design.

Month: Categories: Places in NewsUPSC

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