Skill India Mission Current Affairs

India inks MoC to send interns to Japan for training

India and Japan have signed memorandum of cooperation (MoC) on Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) to significantly expand the bilateral cooperation s in the field of skill development.

India is the third country with which Japan has signed the MoC. Under it, India will send youngsters to Japan as technical interns for on-the-job training for a period of three to five years.

Key Facts

TITP will serve as an ideal platform through which complementary strengths of India and Japan will be leveraged for mutual benefit. The technical interns trained in Japan under TITP will be an asset for the Skill India initiative upon their return to India. It will significantly contribute of Government’s vision of making India as largest provider of skilled workforce to the world.

Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP)

It was launched by Japan under Technical Intern Training Act scheduled to come into force in November 2017. By 2016-end, approximately 2,30,000 technical intern trainees from multiple countries were trained in Japan under it. In 2016, about 1,08,709 technical interns entered Japan from various partner countries such as China, Vietnam and Indonesia that account for large numbers.

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CCEA approves SANKALP & STRIVE Schemes to boost Skill India Mission

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved two World Bank supported schemes Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) to boost Skill India Mission.

SANKALP is Rs 4455 crore centrally sponsored scheme including Rs 3300 crore loan support from World Bank whereas STRIVE is Rs 2200 crore central sector scheme with half funding will be World bank loan assistance.

STRIVE scheme

STRIVE scheme will incentivize ITIs to improve overall performance including apprenticeship by involving SMEs (Small Scale Enterprises), business association and industry clusters. It will develop robust mechanism for delivering quality skill development training by strengthening institutions- National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs), Sector Skill Councils, ITIs and National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) etc.

It will support universalization of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) including National Quality Assurance Framework (NQAF) across skill development schemes. It will provide required push to National Skill Development Mission 2015 and its various sub missions. It is also aligned to flagship Government programs such as Make in India and Swachhta Abhiyan.

SANKALP scheme

SANKALP scheme envisages setting up of Trainers and Assessors academies with self-sustainable models. Over 50 such academies are to be set up in priority sectors. It will leverage institutions for trainingtrainers in both long and short term VET thereby bringing about convergence. Additional trainer academies will also be set up.

It will focus on greater decentralization in skill planning by institutional strengthening at State level which includes setting up of SSDMs and allow states to come up with State and District level Skill Development Plans (SSDPDSDP).

It also aims at enhancement of inclusion of underprivileged and marginalized communities including women, Scheduled Castes (SCs)/Schedule Tribes (STs) and Persons with Disabilities (PWD). It will also develop a skilling ecosystem that will support the country’s rise in Ease of Doing Business index.

Comment

SANKALP & STRIVE are outcome focused schemes aimed at institutional reforms and improving quality & market relevance of skill development training programs in long and short term VET. They will address need for national architecture for promoting convergence, ensuring effective governance and regulation of skill training in vocational training space. They also have mechanism for national bodies for accreditation & certification for regulation, accreditation and certification in both long and short term VET.

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