Social Issues Current Affairs - 2019
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The National Commission of Women (NCW) has held that triple talaq was a “highly misused” custom and Government should scrap it to protect the rights of Muslim women.
NCW clearly mentioned that the traditional custom of triple talaq should be banned in an effort to protect the rights of Muslim women and it cannot be linked to the Uniform Civil Code. According to the commission, Muslim women feels disempowered because of the practice of triple talaq.
What is triple talaq?
‘Triple Talaq’ or ‘Oral talaq’ is a procedure of divorce mentioned under the Sharia Law which is a body of the Islamic law. Under this, a husband can divorce his wife by pronouncing ‘Talaq’ thrice.
Why triple talaq should be abolished?
The practice of ‘triple talaq’ has enabled husbands to divorce their wives arbitrarily, devoid of any substantiation. It impact adversely on the right of women to a life of dignity. The ‘triple talaq’ has been abolished in 21 Islamic theocratic countries including Pakistan. It is also against constitutional principles such as gender equality, secularism, international laws etc.
What is Government’s position?
Recently Central Government in affidavit submitted to Supreme Court held that the practice of Triple talaq is against the principles of gender justice, gender equality and dignity enshrined in the Constitution. This pernicious practice is not integral to the right to freedom of religion. Triple talaq is not an essential religious practice in Islam and violates right to equality, non-discrimination on the grounds of sex and the right to live with dignity to women in par with men guaranteed in the Constitution.
About National Commission for Women (NCW)
- The NCW is a statutory body generally concerned with advising the government on all policy matters affecting women.
- It was established in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 as per the provisions of the Indian Constitution.
- The objective of the NCW is to represent the rights of women in the country and to provide a voice for their issues and concerns.
India has been ranked low 97th among the 118 countries surveyed in 2016 Global Hunger Index (GHI). In 2016 GHI, India has scored low 28.5 on a 0-100 point scale of the index.
It describes India’s hunger situation as “serious. The index was released by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
What is Global Hunger Index (GHI)?
- The GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation. It is released annually by IFPRI since 2006.
- It ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero on the scale is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst.
- It highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. Thus, GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
- The GHI is calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters. They are (i) Undernourished population (1/3rd weight), (ii) Child wasting (1/6th weight), (iii) Child stunting (1/6th weight) and (iii) Infant mortality rate (1/3rd weight).
- Stunting: Deficiency in height in relation to age, reflects chronic undernutrition. Wasting: Low weight in relation to a child’s height, reflects acute undernutrition.
Key highlights of 2016 GHI
- There is widespread and chronic lack of balanced food in India. About 15% of under-5 children are `wasted’ and 39% of under-5 children are ‘stunted’.
- The under-5 mortality rate is 4.8% in India, partially reflecting the fatal synergy of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments.
- Estimated 15% population is undernourished and lacks in adequate food intake, both in quantity and quality.
- Though India runs two of the world’s biggest children’s nutrition programmes malnutrition continues to haunt India.
- These two programmes are ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) for children under 6 years and the mid-day meal programme for school going kids up to the age of 14/
- The main reasons for the sorry state in India are endemic poverty, unemployment, lack of sanitation and safe drinking water, and lack of effective healthcare.