Social Issues Current Affairs - 2020

Maharashtra becomes first state to pass law against social boycott

The Maharashtra legislature has unanimously passed the Maharashtra Prohibition of People from Social Boycott (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2016 to end the menace social boycott practiced by extra-judicial institutions like caste and community panchayats.

With this Maharashtra became first state in the country to adopt a comprehensive law to root out oppression carried out by parallel justice delivery system (kangaroo court) in the name of age old traditions, caste and religion.

Key Features of Bill

  • The Bill terms social boycott as a crime and says anybody indulging in it would face imprisonment maximum upto three years and a fine of 1 lakh rupees or both.
  • It disallows social boycott of any individual or groups by caste panchayats or groups of individuals or gavki or by its members or by social or economically influential persons.
  • Persons involved in practice of social boycott for reasons like rituals of worship, inter-caste marriage, any connection to lifestyle, dress or vocation will face stringent punishment.
  • The offence registered under the act will be congnizable and bailable. It will be tried by a judicial magistrate of the first class.
  • The victim of social boycott or any member of the victim’s family can file a complaint either to police or directly to the magistrate.
  • The bill has indicated speedy trial within six months of filing chargesheet in such cases in order to ensure time-bound results.
  • Government will recruit social boycott prohibition officers to ensure monitoring and to detect offences and assist the magistrate and police officers in tackling such cases.

Background

In recent times, Maharashtra had witnessed an increasing number of incidents of social boycott and violence at the orders of caste panchayats. However, existing laws were found to be inadequate in dealing with such practices. For years, number of activists and academicians in the state were demanding stringent law to root out menace of social boycotts from the state.

Ireland becomes first country to constitutionally legalise same-sex marriage

Republic of Ireland on 23 May 2015 became first country in the world to constitutionally legalise same-sex marriage.

The referendum on this issue to amend country’s written constitution was passed with a resounding 62.1 per cent ‘Yes’. Off the total voter turnout of 60.5 per cent, 1,201,607 people voted in favour of same-sex marriage, while 734,300 voted against it.

Ireland has a written constitution which can only be amended by referendum. With this passage of same-sex marriage referendum, now Irish constitution gives equal status to marriage between two people of the same sex as compared to a marriage between a man and a woman.

Now in Ireleand same sex married persons will be recognised as a family and will be entitled to the constitutional protection and their rights.