Social Issues Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD) is observed every year on June 15 across the world to highlight the often silent suffering of the elder generation. The theme this year is “Moving from Awareness to Action through a Human Rights based approach”.
The global population of people aged 60 years and older is predicted to be double, from 900 million in 2015 to about 2 billion in 2050. With growing global population of elderly people, and increase in longevity, abuse of elderly is increasing. It is serious social problem that affects health and human rights and can cause death.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that around 1 in 6 older people experienced some form of abuse. Rates of abuse may be higher for older people living in institutions than in community. Elder abuse is predicted to increase as many countries are experiencing rapidly ageing populations. The abuse can lead to serious physical injuries and long-term psychological consequences.
The World Elder Abuse Awareness Day was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by through resolution 66/127. Observance of this day aims to raise voice against abuse and suffering inflicted to some defenceless older people. Elder abuse is global social issue which affects health and human rights of millions of older persons around the world. This day aims to gain attention of the international community on this social issue.
According to recent study of Lancet Global Health, there have been 2,39,000 excess deaths per year of girls under age of five in India due to gender bias. Excess mortality is difference between observed and expected mortality rates in both genders.
Key Findings of Study
The excess mortality accounted for about 2.4 million deaths in decade of study period 2005-2015. The additional deaths were found in 90% of districts in the country. 29 out of 35 States and Union Territories in the country contributed to this mortality.
The average level of excess mortality in girls aged 0-4 in study period of 2000-2005 was 18.5 per 1,000 live births, compared to expected mortality of girl children aged under 5 in areas of world without known gender discrimination.
Four largest states in northern India, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh, accounted for two thirds of the total excess deaths of females under five. In Uttar Pradesh, excess female mortality was calculated at 30.5. In Bihar it was 28.5, in Rajasthan it was 25.4, and in Madhya Pradesh it was 22.1.
The worst affected areas in India were all rural, agricultural areas with lower levels of education, high population densities, low socio-economic development and high levels of fertility. Many deaths of females under five were partly due to unwanted child bearing and subsequent neglect.