Social Issues Current Affairs - 2019
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India was ranked at 62nd place among emerging economies on Inclusive Development Index (IDI-2018) released by World Economic Forum (WEF).
Norway again remained world’s most inclusive advanced economy, while Lithuania again topped list of emerging economies. India’s position is much below China (26th) and Pakistan (47th).
Inclusive Development Index (IDI)
Inclusive Development Index (IDI) measures progress of 103 economies on three individual pillars – growth and development; inclusion; and inter-generational equity. It has been divided into two parts. The first part covers 29 advanced economies and second 74 emerging economies. The index takes into account the living standards, environmental sustainability and protection of future generations from further indebtedness. The index also has classified countries into five sub-categories in terms of five-year trend of their overall Inclusive Development Growth score — receding, slowly receding, stable, slowly advancing and advancing.
Highlights of IDI-2018
Top 5 advanced economies: Norway followed by Ireland, Luxembourg, Switzerland and Denmark. Only two advanced economies have shown ‘advancing’ trend. Small European economies dominate top of index, with Australia (9) the only non-European economy in the top 10. Of the G7 economies, Germany (12) ranks highest followed by Canada (17), France (18), UK (21), US (23), Japan (24) and Italy (27).
Top-five most inclusive emerging economies: Lithuania, Hungary, Azerbaijan, Latvia and Poland.
BRICS economies: Russia was ranked at 19th, followed by China (26), Brazil (37), India (62) and South Africa (69).
Rich and poor countries alike are struggling to protect future generations, as it cautioned political and business leaders against expecting higher growth to be panacea for social frustrations, including those of younger generations who have shaken politics of many countries in recent years.
India related facts: It was ranked 60th among 79 developing economies in IDI-2017. India was among ten emerging economies with ‘advancing’ trend, despites its low overall score. Of three pillars that make up index, India was ranked 72nd for inclusion, 66th for growth and development and 44th for inter-generational equity. India’s neighbours: China (26th), Nepal (22), Bangladesh (34), Sri Lanka (40) and Pakistan (47th).
The Supreme Court held that every adult has right to marry anyone and nobody including parents, khap panchayats or similar associations can question their choice of spouse.
It also ruled that any kind of attack and interference on such adults opting for marriage, especially inter-caste marriage as ‘absolutely illegal’. The case has been listed for further hearing in February 2018.
The apex court asked Central Government to give its response on suggestions given by senior advocate on ways to prevent harassment and killing of young couples in name of family honour who opt for inter-caste marriages. It also issued strict direction to government to control such attacks. It also warned Central Government that if it does not act towards banning Khap Panchayats then, it will step in.
The SC was hearing petition filed against khap panchayats by NGO Shakti Vahini in 2010 seeking directions to Centre and state governments for preventing honour crimes. Earlier it had sought suggestions from Shakti Vahini, amicus curiae and khap panchayats on the issue. It also had invited khap panchayats to hear their views before issuing order to stop them from harassing and killing couples and women in the name of honour.
Khaps are caste or community organisations representing clan or group of related clans. They frequently make pronouncements on social issues and have often landed in controversies owing to their diktats.