Socio-Economic Current Affairs - 2020

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World Wide Education for the Future Index: India jumps to rank 35

The Economic Intelligence Unit recently published the Worldwide Education for the Future Index for the year 2019. India has jumped by five ranks and currently holds rank 35.

Highlights

The ranking is provided based on the ability of a country to equip their students in skill-based education. India ranked 35th with an overall score of 53. The scores were provided based on the performance of the countries in three countries namely teaching, policy environment and teaching environment. In 2018, India ranked 40th with an overall score of 41.2.

In Policy Environment, India scored 56.3, in teaching environment its score was 52.2 and in socio-economic environment India’s score was 50.1.

India has performed better in socio-economic environment. This is because in 2018, its score was 32.2. However, the performance decreased in policy environment as the score in the area in 2018 was 61.5

Global Rankings

Among the largest economies the countries that fell back in their rankings include US, UK, Russia and France. On other hand, India, China and Indonesia performer better as compared to the previous year.

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India’s Current Maternal Mortality Ratio is 130: Key Facts

The registrar general of India has released new data showing significant decline in maternal mortality ratio of the country. The relevant facts and data are as follows:

Maternal Mortality and MMR

According to WHO, Maternal Mortality is death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes. Maternal Mortality Rate is death of such women per 100,000 live births. Maternal and child mortality and morbidity are taken as important health indicators because they reflect the state of female healthcare.

Global Maternal Mortality Rate

The global MMR for year 1990 was 385. In 2015, this number stood at 216, showing a drop of 44% in 25 years. Most of the global maternal deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa (66%), followed by South Asia (22%).

Maternal Mortality Rate in India and its states

In the 2011-13 period, India’s MMR was 167. As per the recently released data, the MMR during 2014-16 period stands at 130.

Among states, the three best and worst states and their respective MMR are shown below:

Significant decline (246 to 188) was seen in the so called Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and Assam. EAG states are are those states where economic and development indicators are a particular concern. Such states include Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Maternal Mortality Ratio is one of the important measures of the quality of safe deliveries and maternal care and India has lagged behind China, Maldives and Sri Lanka in its neighborhood.

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