South Africa Current Affairs - 2020

Africa Union Summit held at Addis Ababa

The African Union Summit was held in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia to tackle terrorism in the continent. The Summit is important for India as India has recently signed the defence agreement, Lucknow Declaration with 50 African countries at DefExpo 2020. India is planning considerable investment in Defence sector in the regions of African Union.

Highlights

The African leaders met in Addis Ababa to discuss increasing terrorism in Africa. The leaders met in Addis Ababa under the theme

Theme: Silencing the Guns

This year the chair is being assumed by South Africa. The 2020 summit has adopted 8 resolutions as follows

  • Compromise with the United Nations over co-funding in peace operations
  • To support elections in Ethiopia and to mediate events of disputes
  • To deter leaders in Guinea to use Constitutional Amendments to hold on to power
  • To help to calm Burkina Faso’s insurgency
  • To push Somali Government towards regional compromise
  • To press East African heads to support South Sudan peace process
  • To support Sudan transition by supporting deal between civilian leaders and security forces.

2019 Major Crises

The Peace and Security Council of the Africa Union intervened with the Sudan’s Revolution and also helped to produce an agreement between Central African Republic and the rebels.

African Union

The creation of African Union was revived under the leadership of Libyan head Muammar Al-Gaddafi. The Union was established through Sirte Declaration.

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28th BASIC Ministerial meeting on Climate Change held in Brazil

BASIC countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) held their 28th Ministerial meeting on Climate Change recently in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It was held in the run-up to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) Conference of Parties (COP-25) meet scheduled to be held in December 2019. In this meeting, India was represented by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.

Key highlights of meeting

BASIC countries expressed concern about climate change and its adverse effects and reaffirmed their commitment to successful implementation of UNFCCC, its Kyoto Protocol and its Paris Agreement, based on recognition of the needs and special circumstances of developing countries and in accordance with principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC) in light of different national circumstances.

They jointly urged developed countries to fulfill their climate finance commitments of mobilizing $100 billion annually by 2020 for developing countries. The called for responsible, comprehensive, urgent and ambitious actions against climate change, including in the urban environment.

They reiterated to work together ahead of the United Nations Session on Climate Change and the next Conference of Parties (CoP25) in Chile. It was also decided that China will host the next meeting of the BASIC Ministers.

About BASIC

It is geopolitical alliance (bloc) of four advanced developing countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China. It was established by agreement in 2009. These four countries collectively account for one-third of world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of world’s population.

BASIC countries broadly have common position on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds that are needed to fight climate change. Since 2009, they have cooperated in international climate negotiations, reflecting their aspiration to have a larger say in global politics.

Mandate: These four countries as single bloc are committed to act jointly at Copenhagen climate summit, including possible united walk-out if their common minimum position was not met by the developed nations. They are collectively working to define common position on emission reductions and climate aid money and try to convince other countries to sign up to Copenhagen Accord.

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