South Africa Current Affairs - 2019
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Africa-India Joint Field Training Exercise (AFINDEX-19) between the Indian Army and 16 African nations will be conducted in Pune from March 18 to 27.
Features of AFINDEX-19
- 10 personnel, each from the participating nations from the African continent and personnel of Maratha Light Infantry of the Indian Army will participate in the joint exercise.
- The joint exercise would be held at Pune’s Foreign Training Node at Aundh Military Station and College of Military Engineering in Kirkee.
- AFINDEX-19 aims to train the participating contingents in Humanitarian Mine Assistance (HMA) and Peace Keeping Operations (PKO) under the United Nations Charter through practical and comprehensive discussions and tactical exercises
- Contingents from Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, South Africa, Tanzania, Namibia, Mozambique, Uganda, Niger & Zambia are part of the joint exercise together with officers from Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar as Observers.
- The joint exercise will also focus on achieving interoperability, learning each other’s methodologies and tactics through synchronised operational level planning and tactical level training.
- The joint exercise will also cover the dynamics of raising a Mission headquarters, nuances of establishing military observer team sites in disturbed
AFINDEX-19 is expected to greatly facilitate sharing of Indian Armed Forces experiences in United Nations Peace Keeping operations with countries in Africa and shall significantly enhance relations with the African continent.
Tags: AFINDEX-19 • Africa • Africa-India Joint Field Training Exercise • Democratic Republic of Congo • Egypt • Ghana • India-Africa • Madagascar • Maratha Light Infantry • Mozambique • Namibia • Niger • Nigeria • Rwanda • Senegal • South Africa • Sudan • Tanzania • Uganda • Zambia
The Inclusive Internet Index 2019 was prepared by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) for Facebook. The ‘Inclusive Internet’ score was based on the scores of availability, affordability, relevance and readiness categories.
The 2019 Index evaluated 100 countries, representing 94 per cent of the world’s population and 96 per cent of global GDP.
Findings of the Inclusive Internet Index 2019 Report
- Sweden has topped the rankings followed by Singapore and the US.
- India has been ranked 47th.
- Men have more Internet access than women globally but low and lower middle income countries narrowed the gender gap in 2018.
- The UK, Namibia, Ireland, Austria, Chile and South Africa are the top performers of the year in terms of gender equality. All these countries had female digital skills training plans.
- The report notes that Inclusion for women and those with disabilities have improved, with low income and lower-middle-income countries driving the progress.
- The report notes that the affordability is declining relative to monthly income in many countries. This is disproportionately affecting women and people in low-income countries who are more reliant on mobile as their primary means of accessing the Internet.
- The percentage of households connected to the Internet globally increased, on average from 53.1 per cent to 54.8 per cent, the rate of growth in Internet connections slowed to 2.9 per cent in 2019 from 7.7 per cent in 2018.
- Fixed-line Internet access is too expensive or inaccessible in some countries, as a result, mobile services are critical in these regions.
- The lower-middle-income countries made a significant 66 per cent improvement in 4G coverage and low-income countries witnessed a moderate 22 per cent improvement.
- Web accessibility standards have also improved. The improvements were led by low and lower middle income countries.
- There are about 3.8 billion people around the world without fast and reliable Internet access.
- Even though the overall gap between those with access to the Internet and those without narrowed, the lowest income countries fell behind because they improved at a slower rate than other countries and much slower than last year.
- Internet connections in low-income countries increased by marginal 0.8 per cent compared to 65.1 per cent last year.
- More than half (52.2 per cent) of respondents said they are not confident about their online privacy.
- Majority of respondents (74.4 per cent) think the Internet has been the most effective tool for finding jobs
The report highlights that there are demonstrable benefits from comprehensive female e-inclusion policies, digital skills programmes and targets for women and girls to study science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
Tags: Austria • Chile • cience • Economist Intelligence Unit • EIU • Engineering • Facebook • Inclusive Internet • Inclusive Internet Index • Inclusive Internet Index 2019 • Ireland • Mathematics • Namibia • Singapore • South Africa • STEM • Sweden • Technology • UK • USA