South Korea Current Affairs - 2020

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North Korea rocket launch violation of Security Council resolution: Ban Ki Moon

North Korea’s move which successfully placed a satellite into orbit after launching a long-range rocket again incited regional tensions and was condemned by neighbors as a provocative missile-test. It is for the second time in 2012 when the country attempted this under the rule of Kim Jong-un, who came to power following the death of his father Kim Jong-il. The first attempt was a failure.

The test has also been condemned by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who described it a clear violation of the 2009 resolution that banned the North from carrying out tests using ballistic missile technology.

South Korea and Japan have become tensed as they say the test is a disguised missile test for a long range missile which trespasses Security Council resolutions.

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No resolution achieved during Antarctic Ocean sanctuary talks at CCAMLR

No resolution could be reached during the talks at the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), at Hobart in Australia. The commission is made up of 24 countries and the European Union.

What is CCAMLR?

  • imageCommission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) was established in 1982. 
  • The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, also Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, and CCAMLR, is part of the Antarctic Treaty System.
  • Its aim is to conserve marine life in the face of rising demands to exploit krill, a shrimp-like creature which is an important source of food for species in the Antarctic.
  • The commission permits fishing carried out in a sustainable manner and takes account of the effects of fishing on other components of the ecosystem.
  • Headquartered in Tasmania, Australia.
  • CCAMLR is an international commission with 25 Members, and a further 10 countries have acceded to the Convention.
  • Based on the best available scientific information, the Commission agrees a set of conservation measures that determine the use of marine living resources in the Antarctic.

The key institutional components of CCAMLR are:

  • the CAMLR Convention which entered into force on 7 April 1982
  • a decision-making body, the Commission
  • a Scientific Committee which advises the
  • Commission using the best available science
  • Conservation measures and resolutions
  • CCAMLR’s Membership and provisions for international cooperation and collaboration
  • a Secretariat based in Hobart, Tasmania, that supports the work of the Commission.

What was the objective of the conference?

  • The conference was held to reach agreement on creating new marine sanctuaries to protect thousands of polar species across Antarctica. CCAMLR had been considering proposals for two critical areas in Antarctica’s Southern Ocean.
  • They included 1.6 million square km of protection for the Ross Sea, the world’s most intact marine ecosystem, and 1.9 million square km of coastal area in the East Antarctic, backed by Australia and the EU.

Who opposed the move?

  • Blocking countries included major fishing countries, with China, Japan, South Korea and Russia among them.

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Month:  Categories: EnvironmentInternational
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