Soviet Union Current Affairs - 2019
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International Day of Human Space Flight 2019 was observed on April 12 to commemorate the date of the first human space flight in the history of mankind.
Genesis of the International Day of Human Space Flight
It was on April 12, 1961, Soviet Union (USSR) Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin undertook first successful first human space flight. This historic event opened the way for space exploration for the benefit of all humanity.
On April 7, 2011, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution and declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight for
- Celebrating each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind
- Reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals.
- Increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peaceful purposes.
In Russia and some other former USSR countries, this historic day is celebrated as Cosmonautics Day.
Kazakhstan has renamed its capital Astana to Nursultan to honour outgoing leader Nursultan Nazarbayev. The announcement regarding this was made by the new president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and was approved by the parliament of Kazakhstan. Nursultan Nazarbayev served nearly 30 years as leader of the oil-rich nation.
The decision of the Nursultan Nazarbayev to step down came as a surprise when he made an announcement regarding this through a television address. He was the first president of Kazakhstan and lead Kazakhstan since it emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.
It was Nursultan Nazarbayev who moved the capital of Kazakhstan’s capital from the southern city of Almaty, near the Kyrgyz border, to northern Astana, which translates to “the capital” in Kazakh and Astana boomed from a minor provincial steppe town into a futuristic city. Although proposals were made earlier to rename the city as Nursultan earlier, Nursultan Nazarbayev had himself rejected such proposals.