Space Current Affairs - 2019

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World Space Week: 4-10 October: Important Facts

World Space Week is the largest space event on the Earth. More than 80 countries are participating commemorating the week this year

Theme: The Moon: Gateway to the stars

The World Space Week was launched on October 4, 1957. The date was selected to mark the launch of first human – made earth satellite, Sputnik 1

Significance

The theme celebrates the 50th anniversary of human kind’s first step on moon on 20 July, 1969. The theme sparks consideration of value of the Moon in human’s future space endeavors.

The World Space Week is the largest space annual event. It inspires students and educates public about space activity. Also, it fosters international cooperation in space outreach and education. During the celebration of the event public are encouraged towards greater use of space for sustainable economic development.

History

The World Space Week Association began to coordinate World Space Week from 1980. In 1981, Space Week headquarters was formed in the US to organize national wide celebration in US.

From 1999, the UN serves as the global coordinator of World Space Week.

About Sputnik

Sputnik was the first human made satellite that was launched into the space in 1957. It was launched by Soviet Union. The satellite orbited elliptically in the lower orbits of the earth. The batteries died after three weeks and the satellite fell back into the atmosphere. This triggered the space race between USSR and USA that was a part of the cold war.

FEDOR: Russia launches its 1st humanoid robot in space

Russia launched life-size humanoid robot called Fedor to International Space Station (ISS). It is the first ever life-size humanoid robot sent into space by Russia. It was launched onboard of unmanned Soyuz MS-14 rocket from Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

About Fedor

Fedor stands for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research. It is also known as Skybot F850. It will spend 10 days learning to assist astronauts on the ISS. Its main purpose is to be used in operations that are dangerous for humans onboard spacecraft and in outer space. During its 10 days at ISS, it will learn new skills such as connecting and disconnecting electric cables, using standard items from screwdriver and spanner to a fire extinguisher.

Features:

It is size of human i.e. 1.80 metres (5 foot 11 inches) tall and weighs 160 kilograms.

It can emulate human body movements. This key skill will allow it to remotely help astronauts or even people on Earth to carry out tasks while humans are strapped into exoskeleton.

Note: US space agency NASA had sent world’s first humanoid robot Robonaut 2 (R2) to space in 2011 to work in hazardous environments.