Space records Current Affairs - 2019
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Elon Musk-led SpaceX has successfully launched 64 small satellites into low Earth orbit onboard of its reusable and preflown Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. This has set new record in United States of launching satellites in single go. It was third voyage of Falcon 9 rocket, marking another milestone in SpaceX’s cost-cutting reusable rocket technology.
The 64 small satellites included 49 CubeSats and 15 micro-satellites belonging to 34 different clients including public, private and university sources from 17 different countries across the world including South Korea, France and Kazakhstan. The microsatellites weighed few dozen kilograms and CubeSats weighed even smaller. Among launched satellites, one was sculpture called “Orbital Reflector” by artist Trevor Paglen, sent by Nevada Museum of Art and it was not scientific missions.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) holds record for the most satellite launch in single flight. It had launched 104 satellites in one go using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C37) rocket.
It is private US space agency. It was founded by Elon Musk on May 6, 2002 who is its current CEO of Space X. Its main purpose for its establishment was to reduce cost of space transport and establish human habitation on Mars house. Space X has developed series of Falcon Rockets. To reduce cost of internal transport, the space company has created re-usable rockets. Majority of these rockets are also used in other launches.
NASA’s record-breaking spacewoman, Peggy Whitson (58) has announced her retirement as astronaut less than year after returning from her last and longest spaceflight. During her career, she had racked up total of 665 days in space — more than any other NASA astronaut, and record for women worldwide. Her last spaceflight lasted close to 10 months, spanning 2016 and 2017.
She was born on February 9, 1960 in Mount Ayr, Iowa, US. She is biochemist and had joined NASA as researcher in 1986 and became an astronaut in 1996. She had flown three missions aboard International Space Station (ISS): Expedition 5 in 2002; Expedition 16 in 2008 (In it she became first female commander of the orbiting lab) and extended and her longest stint in space from November 2016 through September 2017, which spanned Expeditions 50, 51 and 52. She had commanded Expedition 51, becoming the first woman to lead an ISS mission twice.
Records: She is world’s most experienced female spacewalker, with 10 under her spacesuit belt with record-setting total time of 60 hours and 21 minutes. She was first woman to command International Space Station (ISS), holding the position twice. She was oldest woman ever to fly in space. She was first and only woman (and first non-military person) to serve as chief of NASA’s male-dominated astronaut corps from 2009 to 2012.