Special Protection Group (SPG) Current Affairs - 2020

SPG (Amendment) Bill passed in Parliament

The SPG amendment bill says that when the SPG cover is withdrawn from a former Prime Minister, the cover also stands withdrawn from his or her family members. The bill was passed in the parliament on December 3, 2019. The bill aimed at amending the Special Protection Group act, 1988.

Amendment Key Features

The act states that the SPG cover will be provided to the Prime Minister and his family members residing with him at his residence. It also states that the cover will be provided to the former Prime Ministers and their family members for 5 years after he ceases to hold office. The bill points that if the cover is withdrawn from the former Prime Minister, it will stand withdrawn for their family members as well.


The Special Protection Group is the highest security that was set up in 1985 to protect the Prime Minister of India. It was established after the assassination of PM Indira Gandhi by her own bodyguards in 1984. Though the act was constituted to provide security cover to the Prime Minister, it was amended in 1991 to provide security cover to former PMs.

The President of India does not come under SPG cover due to low threat. He is protected by the Indian Army’s President Bodyguard Regiment.

K Durga Prasad appointed as Special DG of CRPF

Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has appointed K Durga Prasad as the special director general (DG) of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

He will be in office for next three years or till further orders, whichever is earlier.

K Durga Prasad

  • He is IPS officer of 1981 batch from Andhra Pradesh cadre.
  • Before this appointed, he was director of the Special Protection Group (SPG), but was removed from this post in November 2014.
  • It should be noted that SPG provides security to the prime minister, former prime ministers and their family members.

About Central Reserve Police Force (CRFP)

  • CRPF is the largest Central Armed Police Forces in India. It operates under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence it was made statutory Central Reserve Police Force after the enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949.
  • At present CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary force with 228 battalions and over three lakh personnel.
  • Function: Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.