Species Extinction Current Affairs - 2020
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The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) added about 1,840 new species to its updated “Red List of Threatened Species”, a catalogue of plants and animals that risk extinction. The list now contains over 30,000 species under threat of disappearing. The group released its Red List update in the middle of COP25 climate talks in Madrid, Spain. The year 2020 will see two global IUCN gatherings, first in June in Marseille, France and another in Kunming, China, in October.
Key Findings of IUCN List
IUCN finds that hundreds of plant and animal species who already face the threat of habitat destruction, are now under further pressure from manmade climate change.
IUCN had earlier witnessed a genuine declines in 73 species since its last assessment. This new update reveals the ever-increasing impacts of human activities on wildlife. Moreover, the Climate change is adding to multiple threats species face, and there is a to act urgently and decisively to curb the crisis.
More than 1 million species are now at risk of vanishing as insatiable human demand puts them in danger of overexploitation, habitat loss, pollution and climate change.
Fish: Rising temperatures have already contributed to declines of several freshwater fish and sharks. Latest update showed that 37% of Australia’s freshwater fish species were threatened with extinction. Stocks of Short-tail nurse shark have declined around 80% in last 30 years, as its shallow water habitat is being degraded because of ocean warming.
Bird: Dozens of species of birds and plants are now also threatened by rising temperatures. However, IUCN also highlighted a small handful of conservation successes, including the recovery of Guam Rail, a bird previously listed as extinct in wild.
About International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
It is an international organization that works in field of conservation of nature and sustainable use of natural resources. This membership Union is composed of both government and civil society organisations. It has more than 1,300 Member organisations and over 15,000 experts, this diversity and vast expertise makes IUCN the global authority on the status of the natural world and measures needed to safeguard it. IUCN is best known for its compiling and publishing of IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
Tags: COP25 • IUCN • IUCN Red List • IUCN Red list of Threatened Species • Spain
The last surviving Sumatran Rhino in Malaysia, Iman, died in Borneo Rhino Sanctuary. The Rhino died of cancer. With this Sumatran rhino have become extinct in Malaysia. Iman was captured in 2014 from Danum Valley in Malaysia.
The Sumatran Rhinos are the smallest of the five extant rhino species in the world. The other rhino species include Black Rhinos, White Rhinos, Greater on-horned Rhinos and Javan Rhinos.
With the death of Iman, there are only 80 Sumatran Rhinos left in the world. All the 80 are currently in Indonesia in the Indonesian part of Borneo and Sumatra Island. Poaching and loss of habitat are the main reasons behind their extinction.
Sumatran Rhinos in India
In India the Sumatran Rhinos occurred in parts of Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Tripura and Chittagong hills in the 19th century. However, the last Sumatran Rhino of India was killed in 1967. The species is now extinct in India.
The International Union of Conservation of Nature Red List has put the Sumatran Rhinos in the Critically Endangered category.
Sumatran Rhino Rescue
The Sumatran Rhino Rescue is an international project that intends to save the species. It is being implemented by the World Wildlife Fund, National Geographic Society, Global Wildlife Conservation, International Rhino Foundation and the IUCN Commission.
Tags: IUCN • IUCN Red List • Malaysia • North Eastern states • Rhinoceros Species in World