Sri Lanka Current Affairs - 2019
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150 students of Srilanka from all 25 districts were awarded the prestigious Mahatma Gandhi scholarships for study in India. The Scholarships were awarded by Sri Lankan Education Minister Akila Viraj Kariyawasam and Indian High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu at a special ceremony in Colombo.
Mahatma Gandhi Scholarships
The Mahatma Gandhi Scholarships are merit-cum-means based Scholarship instituted in 2006-07 for Sri Lankan students and is awarded annually by the High Commission of India in cooperation with the Ministry of Education of Sri Lanka.
Recipients of the Mahatma Gandhi Scholarships receive cash assistance during their two years of Advanced Level studies. The High Commission of India has increased the scholarship amount from Rs. 2,000 to 2,500 per month from 2015-16 onwards and accordingly; this year’s awardees will receive Rs. 30,000 annually during their two years of ‘Advanced Level studies. The Mahatma Gandhi Scholarship has benefitted more than 1,100 meritorious students since its inception in the year 2006.
Other Initiatives of India to boost the Education in Sri Lanka
India and Sri Lanka have a robust relationship and India is taking giant steps to help the education sector of Sri Lanka. They include:
- India is constructing new classrooms in 27 schools in the North.
- India handed over the largest University Auditorium in Sri Lanka in the University of Ruhuna, in the South.
- India has provided assistance for the new trilingual school in Polonnaruwa and Saraswathy College Kandy.
The government of India is also providing opportunities to young Sri Lankans to study in reputed Indian Institutions of higher education through more than 270 scholarships per year, besides providing 370 short-term training slots every year to working professionals from Sri Lanka under ITEC programme.
The British government has announced a research project, South Asian Nitrogen Hub to study nitrogen pollution in India and South Asia. The project led by UK’s Centre for Ecology and Hydrology will partner with 50 organisations from the UK and South Asia. The Indian Institutions partnering the study are:
- National Institute of Oceanography
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
- Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
- Jawaharlal Nehru University
- Aligarh Muslim University
- National Physical Laboratory
- TERI University
The project aims to study the impact of different forms of nitrogen pollution, particularly looking at nitrogen in agriculture in eight countries of South Asia which includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Maldives.
Pollutant Gases like ammonia (NH3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are produced from chemical fertilizers, livestock manure, and burning fossil fuels and is connected to air pollution, biodiversity loss, the pollution of rivers and seas, ozone depletion, health, economy and livelihoods.
Gases like Ammonia and nitrogen dioxide can aggravate respiratory and heart conditions. Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas that depletes the ozone layer. Nitrate from chemical fertilisers, manure and industry pollutes rivers and seas, poses a health risk for humans, fish, coral and plant life.
Tags: Afghanistan • Aligarh Muslim University • Ammonia • Bangladesh • Bhutan • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University • India • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology • Jawaharlal Nehru University • Maldives • National Institute of Oceanography • National Physical Laboratory • Nepal • Nitrogen oxide • Nitrogen Pollution • ozone • Pakistan • South Asia • South Asian Nitrogen Hub • Sri Lanka • TERI University • UK • UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology