Statehood Day Current Affairs - 2019
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The North-Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate Statehood Day celebrated statehood day on February 20. Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the 32nd and 47th Statehood Day respectively.
The Statehood to Mizoram was the culmination of the struggle led by Mizo National Front (MNF), a political organisation born in 1961. MNF took to armed insurrection and raised uprising against the Government, attacking the government installations at Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, Chhimluang and other places demanding sovereign independence of Greater Mizoram.
In 1967 MNF was banned by the government of India and this further fuelled the armed agitation led by the MNF. Mizoram was declared Union Territory in 1972. But it did not satisfy the protestors demanding separate statehood.
The Memorandum of Settlement was signed between the Mizo National Front and the Indian Government on June 30, 1986, where the Mizo National Front surrendered arms and immediate arrangements were made to solidify Mizoram as a full-fledged state in India. Consequently, the Indian Constitution was amended through the Mizoram State Act, 1986 and the Mizoram state came into existence.
Initially, Arunachal Pradesh was directly under the Governor of the provincial government of Assam. After the constitution came into being the Government of Assam was relieved of its responsibilities of the North East Frontier Agency and the powers were vested in the Governor of Assam, a constitutional post and an agent of the President of India.
NEFA was re-named as Arunachal Pradesh and subsequently, in 1972 Arunachal Pradesh became the Union Territory of the Republic of India.
In the year 1975 Arunachal Pradesh Council was converted into a Provisional Legislative Assembly and a council of ministers was appointed for Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh attained full statehood on 20 February 1987 after the passing of the Constitution 55th Amendment Act.
The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya celebrated their 47th Statehood Day on 21st January. The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya became full-fledged states on January 21, 1972.
State Reorganisation of North-East
At the time of Independence, India’s North-East region composed of three kinds of entities mentioned below:
- Assam Province of British India.
- Princely states of Manipur and Tripura.
- North East Frontier Province (NEFA).
Manipur and Tripura were granted the status Union Territories in 1949. On 1 December 1963 statehood was granted for Nagaland. Meghalaya was made an autonomous state within Assam via the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act of 1969 as per the sixth schedule of the constitution. In 1972, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura were granted full statehood via the North East Reorganization Act 1972 and the Mizo Hills region of Assam and NEFA were converted into a Union Territory. As a result of the Mizo Accord of 1986, Mizoram emerged as a full-fledged state of India in 1987. Even the NEFA (Arunachal Pradesh) was granted full-fledged statehood in 1987.
Meghalaya has organised a week-long programme on the theme, ‘Celebrating Meghalaya-India’, on the occasion of the 47th Statehood Day and the 70th Republic Day.