States Current Affairs - 2020

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Bengal becomes the fourth state to pass resolution against CAA

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act was legislated by the Parliament during this winter session. However, several states are agitating over the non-inclusion of Muslims in the law. Kerala was the first state to pass a resolution against the act. Recently, the state of West Bengal has passed similar resolution.

Highlights

After Kerala, Punjab and Rajasthan, West Bengal passed a resolution against CAA. According to West Bengal, the act does not stick to secularism. Also, the state claims that NPR, CAA and NRC are co-related.

NPR

NPR is National Population Register that holds the names of the residents of India. The register is prepared and updated based on the Citizenship Act 1955 and Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Card) rules, 2003. The NPR was updated in 2010 and the details were collected along with the Census of India, 2011.

The register holds biometric and demographic details of the residents.

Legislation

Section 14A of the Citizenship Act says that the Central Government has to register every citizen compulsorily and issue an identity card to him. Also, the Government shall maintain a register of Indian Citizens. In order to achieve this, it shall establish a National Registration Authority.

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Bill to merge UTs Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

The Government of India has planned to merge the Union Territories Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The bill regarding the merging of the territories is to be tabled in Lok Sabha on November 29, 2019.

Highlights

The Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill 2019 is being introduced for better administration and to check on duplications of various works. Though the territories are 35 km apart, they have had separate budgets and different secretariats.

The merged territory will be named Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu. The headquarters of the territory is to be located in Daman and Diu.

With the creation of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, there are nine UTs in India. With the new merger, the count will come down to eight.

Constitutional provisions

Article 3 of Indian Constitution provides insights into formation of new states and Union Territories. It includes increase in area, diminishing the area and altering the boundaries. The article allows the parliament to legislate on state formation.

The bills on state formation can be introduced in either of the houses. However, President’s assent on the bill is required before introduction.

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