States Current Affairs - 2020

GoI establishes Khelo India State Centres of Excellence

The Ministry of Sports has launched Khelo India State Centres of Excellence. The centre aims to create robust sporting ecosystem in the country.

Highlights

The Sports Ministry has identified state owned sports facilities in 8 states of India. The facilities are to be upgraded into Khelo India State Centres of Excellence. The funds for the sports centres are to be used for equipment, expert coaches, support staff and infrastructure through Khelo India Scheme.

About the centres

The centres are to be developed into world class sporting facilities. The required infrastructure are to be identified by the states and Union Territories. Around 8 centres have been identified out of 15 proposals.

Significance

The Khelo India State Centre of Excellence is to be established to strengthen excellence of India in Olympics. The centre will help the athletes to train in their respective discipline.

The Centres

The 8 centres established under the scheme are located in Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Telangana, Mizoram.

GoI releases Rs 6,195 crores of funds to 14 states

On May 11, 2020, the Government of India released Rs 6,195 crores to 14 states. This is the second equated monthly installment of Post Devolution Revenue Deficit.

Highlights

The grant allocated to the states will act as additional source of income to the states. The grant was recommended by the 15th Finance Commission. The Central Government under the grant allocated Rs 1,276 crores to Kerala, Rs 952 crores to Himachal Pradesh, Rs 638 crores to Punjab, Rs 631 crores to Assam, Rs 491 crore to Andhra Pradesh, Rs 417 crore to West Bengal and Rs 423 crore to Uttarakhand.

Significance

The grant will help the states make preventive and mitigation measures to contain COVID-19. The funds will be used for sample collection, quarantine facility, screening and setting up of additional testing laboratories. The funds will also be used for purchase of PPE (Personal Protection Equipment), thermal scanners, air purifiers, ventilators, consumables in government hospitals.

Revenue Deficit

The revenue deficit covers the gap between revenue and expenditure of a state. According to Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003, the states should maintain revenue deficit of zero. According to the Constitution of India, state cannot raise a loan without consent of the Centre. This is why, the Kerala Government in 2019 couldn’t claim the flood relief grants from Saudi Arabia. The centre did not permit.