Steel sector Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Ministry of Steel recently for the first time gave away Secondary Steel sector awards to 26 mini steel companies in recognition of their contribution to the national economy. 12 companies were awarded Gold Certificates and 14 Silver Certificates for their performance during 2016-17. These awards were given in order to enhance global competitiveness of companies involved in secondary steel sector. It will also encourage secondary steel sector to strive for improving performance as well as quality of production.
Secondary Steel Sector
The secondary steel sector is critical and important segment of market spanning from construction, cold rolled products, machine tools, pipes, stainless steel, galvanized and color coated steel as well as exports. It contributes to more than half of the total steel production in the country. It plays important role along with integrated steel players in order to achieve steel production capacity of 300 million tonne by year 2030-31. At present India has 134 MT capacity.
Steel Sector in India
Steel is one of the core sectors of the Indian economy. India is 3rd largest steel producer in the world. Steel contributes to over 2% to India’s GDP and creates virtuous cycle of employment generation throughout the economy. The steel consumption of India has almost touched 70 kg per capita.
According to recent report published by World Steel Association (WSA), India has overtaken US to become the world’s third largest steel producer in 2017. India’s crude steel production has grown by 6.2% to 101.4 million tonnes (MT) in 2017 compared to 95.5 MT in the previous year.
China has remained world leader by producing 831.7 MT in 2017, up 5.7% from 786.9 MT in the year-ago period. Japan is second largest global steel producer and had witnessed negative growth in steel output declined by 0.1% to 104.7 MT in 2017 from 104.8 MT in 2016.
The Global steel production had reached 1,691.2 MT in 2017, up by 5.3% compared to 2016 when output was 1,606.3 MT. Crude steel production increased in all regions in 2017 except in CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States), which has remained stable.
World Steel Association (WSA)
WSA is a non-profit organisation and is one of the largest industry associations in world. Its members represent approximately 85% of the world’s steel production. It includes over 160 steel producers with 9 of the 10 largest steel companies, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. It was founded in July 1967 and is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.