Structure Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Sustainable Blue Economy Conference held in Nairobi, Kenya

The first Sustainable Blue Economy Conference was held in Nairobi, capital of Kenya. It was organized by Kenya and cohosted by Japan and Canada. The theme of this conference was ‘The Blue Economy and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.’

Sustainable Blue Economy Conference

This conference was held on momentum of UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 2015 Climate Change Conference in Paris and UN Ocean Conference 2017 ‘Call to Action. Over 17,000 plus participants from some 184 countries had participated in the conference. India was represented Union Minister for Shipping, Road Transport & Highways, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari. Other parties who participated in this conference are World Wildlife Fund, WWF; International Maritime Organization, IMO; International Seabed Authority, ISA;  orld Bank; AFRIEXIMBANK; Ocean Foundation etc.

Background

Blue Economy is economic benefit and value that is realized from Earth’s coastal and marine environment. Sustainable Blue Economy is marine-based economy that provides social and economic benefits for current and future generations, restores, protects and maintains diversity, productivity and resilience of marine ecosystems. It is also based on clean technologies, renewable energy, and circular material flows.

Blue Economy is very crucial for India’s economic development. India has strategic location in Indian Ocean region (IOR), and on this basis, it endorses growth of Blue Economy in sustainable, inclusive and people centred manner through framework of Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA).

India is also developing its maritime infrastructure as well as its inland waterways and coastal shipping through launch of the ambitious “Sagarmala Programme” which aims to revolutionize maritime logistics and port led developments in country. India’s national vision about this sector is clearly articulated in term “SAGAR”- Security and Growth for All in IOR which was coined by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

UNICEF appoints Singer Nahid Afrin as first Youth Advocate of NE region to fight for child rights

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) has appointed popular singer Nahid Afrin (17) of Assam as the first ‘Youth Advocate’ of the northeastern region to fight for child rights. UNICEF engages ‘Youth Advocates’ to harness their voice as agents of change in society. Nahid had made her playback debut in 2016 Bollywood film ‘Akira’ starring Sonakshi Sinha in the lead. She received best female playback singer award at the Assam state Film Award 2018.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is special program of UN devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children. It was created in 1946 to provide relief to children in countries devastated by World War II. It is headquartered in New York City.

After 1950, it directed its efforts toward general programs for improvement of children’s welfare, particularly in less-developed countries and various emergency situations. Its broader mission was reflected in present name adopted in 1953. It was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965.

Since 1996 UNICEF programs have been guided by Convention on Rights of the Child (1989), which affirms right of all children to enjoyment of highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health.

Much of UNICEF’s efforts are concentrated in areas in which relatively small expenditures, but have significant impact on lives of the most disadvantaged children, such as the prevention and treatment of disease. Its activities are financed by both government and private contributions. It supports immunization programs for childhood diseases and programs to prevent spread of HIV/AIDS. It also provides funding for health services, educational facilities and other welfare services.