Sulabh International Current Affairs - 2019
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Sulabh International introduces India’s first sewer cleaning machine to end unsafe manual scavenging
Sulabh International has introduced India’s first sewer cleaning machine to reduce sewer deaths and put end to unsafe practice of manual scavenging. The machine was unveiled on occasion of World Toilet Day 2018 (observed on 19 November) by mayors of all three Municipal Corporations of Delhi (MCD) in the presence founder of Sulabh International Bindeshwar Pathak.
Sulabh sewer cleaning machine
The machine will do away with 99% of manual scavenging in the country. With help of it manual cleaner (safai karamchari) does not have to enter sewers. But if need arises and person has to go, then machine is fully equipped with gas checking machine, protective gears and dress to protect workers from harmful gases.
It is electro-hydraulically operated, with personal protective devices and quick-view pipe inspection camera which extends up to 20 feet. The quick-view pipe view camera is designed to felicitate inspection of sewer, manholes, tunnels, tanks, mainline and other lateral pipeline facilities with outstanding zoom function (industrial HD camera), scalable carbon fibre rods and sunlight presentable controller.
The new machine which costs Rs. 43 lakh is ideal for periodic mechanical desilting of manholes and to flush out sewer lines using powerful jetting pump capable of producing 150 bar operating pressure and flow of 150 litres per minute. It is also capable of de-choking sewer lines using specially designed flexible steel rods. The machine will ensure that no safai karamchari dies inside the sewer and will bring huge relief to manual scavengers.
It is social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. It is largest nonprofit organization in India. It was founded by social activists Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970.
Renowned social activist and founder of Sulabh International, Dr Bindeshwar Pathak (75) was honoured with the Japan’s prestigious Nikkei Asia Prize for his contribution to Asia’s development. He was presented with this award at 23rd Nikkei Asia Prize ceremony held in Tokyo, Japan under ‘Culture and Community’ category for his significant work in tackling poor hygiene and discrimination.
He was among three who were conferred with this award. Other two awardees are Chinese environmentalist Ma Jun who was awarded business innovation prize for using power of internet to promote cleaner industry and Vietnamese doctor Nguyen Thanh Liem who won science and technology prize in recognition of his work advancing health care for children.
Nikkei Asia Prize
Nikkei Inc. is one of largest media corporations in Japan. It has been presenting Nikkei Asia Prize since 1996 to honour people in Asia who have made significant contributions in one of three areas: Economic and Business Innovation, Science, Technology and Environment and Culture and Community. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Infosys Chairman Narayan Murti are among few Indians who have won this prize in the past.
Dr Bindeshwar Pathak
He had founded Sulabh International in 1970. It is an NGO that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation among other social services. It has built two-pit pour-flush ecological compost toilets (Sulabh toilets) which are low-cost environment-friendly toilet throughout India, contributing to better sanitation, safety for rural women and freedom from manual labour of removing human waste. He also had invented technology for producing biogas from human waste to be used for cooking or lamp fuel in 1977.