Sumatran Rhinoceros Current Affairs - 2020
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The last surviving Sumatran Rhino in Malaysia, Iman, died in Borneo Rhino Sanctuary. The Rhino died of cancer. With this Sumatran rhino have become extinct in Malaysia. Iman was captured in 2014 from Danum Valley in Malaysia.
The Sumatran Rhinos are the smallest of the five extant rhino species in the world. The other rhino species include Black Rhinos, White Rhinos, Greater on-horned Rhinos and Javan Rhinos.
With the death of Iman, there are only 80 Sumatran Rhinos left in the world. All the 80 are currently in Indonesia in the Indonesian part of Borneo and Sumatra Island. Poaching and loss of habitat are the main reasons behind their extinction.
Sumatran Rhinos in India
In India the Sumatran Rhinos occurred in parts of Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Tripura and Chittagong hills in the 19th century. However, the last Sumatran Rhino of India was killed in 1967. The species is now extinct in India.
The International Union of Conservation of Nature Red List has put the Sumatran Rhinos in the Critically Endangered category.
Sumatran Rhino Rescue
The Sumatran Rhino Rescue is an international project that intends to save the species. It is being implemented by the World Wildlife Fund, National Geographic Society, Global Wildlife Conservation, International Rhino Foundation and the IUCN Commission.
Tags: IUCN • IUCN Red List • Malaysia • North Eastern states • Rhinoceros Species in World
India will collaborate with Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia to increase the population of three species of Asian Rhinos namely Greater one-horned rhinoceros, Javan rhino, and Sumatran rhino.
India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia have signed the New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019 declaration for the conservation and protection of the species at the Second Asian Rhino Range Countries Meet organised by the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministry in collaboration with IUCN Asian Rhino Specialist Group, WWF- India and Aaranyak.
Fact Box: IUCN Status
Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros: Vulnerable
Javan Rhinoceros: Critically Endangered
Sumatran Rhinoceros: Critically Endangered
New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019
The 12 point strategic actions outlined under the declaration are:
- To collaborate for strengthening protection regimes, strategic information gathering, and real-time sharing of actionable information on rhino crime and its horn trade to secure the rhino population within and between range countries.
- To initiate research on various habitat parameters including invasive species threatening the suitable habitats of Asian rhinos and take appropriate steps to optimally manage the habitats.
- To explore possibilities of expanding rhino ranges within the country or between rhino range countries for optimal population management.
- To strengthen transboundary collaboration among India, Nepal, and Bhutan for the greater one-horned rhino conservation and protection.
- To identify connectivity and corridors across international boundaries and keep them functional, safe and secure for free movement of Asian rhinos and other wildlife.
- To increase the engagement of the local communities as stewards to secure the future of rhinos in range countries.
- To initiate proactive monitoring on potential adverse impacts of climate change on rhino health and their habitats in range countries.
- To undertake studies on Rhino health issues & potential diseases and take necessary steps for management intervention.
- To regularly organize exposure visits for managers and frontline staffs of the rhino range countries and to document the best practices for wider dissemination.
- To collaborate and strengthen wildlife forensics for the purpose of investigation.
- To accelerate natural and conservation breeding of critically endangered Sumatran rhino including best use of all available individuals and technologies.
- To call to the attention of all countries that possible opening of international trade of rhino horn and other derivatives will have a severe detrimental impact on rhino populations in Asian rhino range countries.
On the occasion, Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change re-affirmed India’s commitment towards rhino conservation in India and added that national strategy will further pave the path for long term conservation of the Greater One-Horned Rhinos in India.
Tags: Aaranyak. • Asian Rhino Range Countries Meet • Bhutan • Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros • India