Sunderbans Current Affairs - 2020

“Ganga Amantran Abhiyan” organized by National Mission for Clean Ganga

On March 14, 2020, the National Mission for Clean Ganga organized “Ganga Amantran Abhiyan” (GAA). The GAA is an open-water rafting and kayaking expedition in Ganga river.

Highlights

The expedition is conducted between Devprayag and Ganga Sagar. Devprayag is the place where two rivers Alakananda and Bhagirathi meet to form the mighty Ganges. Ganga Sagar is a part of Sunderbans.

Significance

The NMCG has been organizing several environmental, economic and cultural values in India. This is being done to increase public participation in the mission. The GAA is a major part of these programmes.

National Mission for Clean Ganga

The National Mission for Clean Ganga was launched in 2011. It was initially operating inder the National Ganga River Basin Authority that was dissolved in 2016. The authority was replaced with National Ganga Council.

The mission is now being operated under Ministry of Jal Shakti. It is registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

Matla Abhiyan: Coastal Security Exercise conducted by Indian Navy

The Indian Navy recently launched a unique coastal security exercise in Kolkata. The exercise was conducted to create awareness about the coastal security to the local community.

Highlights

The Indian Navy conducted the Coastal Security Exercise, Malta Abhiyan in the Sunderbans region and the exercise is unique of its kind. Two naval boats were flagged off the Sunderbans till Hemnagar along the International Trade Protocol route between India and Bangladesh. The Naval officer created awareness to the local community along the route. The route is sensitive as deadly equipment can be dropped off easily and thus it was chosen by the Indian Navy.

Sunderbans

The Sunderbans is a Mangrove Delta Forest formed at the confluence of Brahmaputra, Ganga and Meghna rivers. The Delta is vulnerable for its vastness and complexities. It covers over 10,000 square kilometres in India and 6,017 square kilometres in Bangladesh.

Sunderbans-Heritage Sites

Four Sunderbans protected areas are listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It includes Sunderbans National Park, Sundarbans South, Sunderbans West and Sunderbans East.

The Forest is known for Bengal Tigers and other fauna such as spotted deer, snakes and crocodiles.