Supreme Court Current Affairs - 2020
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With the Nation-wide Lock Down to contain the spread of Corona Virus, the Supreme Court extended transition from BS IV to BS VI by 10 more days. Initially the deadline was March 31, 2020. However, the order does not apply to the National Capital Region.
The order comes after the Federation of Automobile Dealers Association moved to the Supreme court to relax the deadline to sell their stocks of BS IV vehicles. According to the petition filed by the association, currently there are 7 lakhs unsold two wheelers, 12,000 commercial vehicles and 15,000 cars of BS IV standard.
BS VI Standard
The BS VI standard emits five times lesser than that of BS IV standard. The major upgrade that is being brought in BS VI standard is in terms of fuel. A BS VI vehicle should use BS VI fuel. The BS VI fuel has five times lesser Sulphur. Also, the nitrogen oxide levels for BS VI petrol and diesel engines are to be brought down by 70% and 25%.
The Bharat Stage Emission norms were brought in 2000 based on European Emission standards. The standards are set by the Central Pollution Control Board.
Tags: BS VI • BS VI Fuel • BS-VI emission norms • carbon dioxide emissions • Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
On March 20, 2020, four convicts of the Nirbhaya Gang Rape were hanged to death in Tihar Jail.
In September 2013, a fast track court convicted them with death sentence. Several curative and mercy petitions were filed by them at the Delhi High Court and Supreme Court. In 2017, the Supreme Court upheld death penalty. Recently, in 2020, the Supreme Court refused to take in the petitions.
Article 145 of the constitution allows the Supreme Court to frame its own rules. Under the Article, the SC rules its own proceedings, cases handled by the it, transferred to high courts, etc. It has powers to stay proceedings, grant bail, allocate number of judges to sit in a bench, etc.
With this power, the apex court refused to consider the petitions of the accused.
Criminal Law (Amendment) act, 2013
The act was also called Nirbhaya Act. The act made several changes to the punishments of rape and sexual harassment accused. Also, the other laws such as Indian Penal code, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Indian Evidence Act were all amended.
J S Verma Committee
Six days after the Nirbhaya incident GoI constituted a judicial Committee under J S Verma. The judicial changes were made according to the recommendations of the committee.
Tags: 2012 Delhi gang-rape • Criminal Law Amendment Act 2018 • Death Penalty • Delhi High Court • J.S. Verma Committee