Supreme Court of India Current Affairs - 2020

Supreme Court directs states to set up Gram Nyayalayas

On February 3, 2020, the Supreme Court of India directed the states to establish “Gram Nyayalayas” within four weeks’ time span. The apex court has directed the corresponding state high courts to expedite the process of consultation with the state governments.

Highlights

The Gram Nyayalayas act, 2008 was passed to provide establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grass root level. The main objective of the judicial body is to provide inexpensive justice in rural areas.

The current scenario of the states with respect to the Gram Nyayalayas were submitted by the SC Advocate Prashant Bhushan.

Current Scenario of the States

According to the report presented by the Advocate, Goa has issued two notification to establish the Gram Nyayalayas. However, none are functioning at the moment. Haryana had issued notification for 3 and Currently only two are functioning.

In Jharkhand, 6 were notified, but only one is functioning. The state of Uttar Pradesh notified 113 Gram Nyayalayas. However, only 14 are functioning. The state had to establish 822.

At present, only 208 Gram Nyayalayas are functioning as against 2,500 required to function according to the 12th five-year plan.

Ayodhya Verdict

The Supreme Court on November 9, 2019 pronounced its judgement on Ayodhya Ram Janma Bhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case. The security arrangements were tightened across the country before the pronouncement of the verdict. Section 144 was imposed in UP, Delhi and other states. Also schools and educational institutions were closed for the safety of the students.

SC verdict

Supreme Court cleared way for the construction of Ram Temple in the disputed 5-acre land. The court said that the Hindu side established their arguments that they possessed the outer courtyard. The Muslim side failed to prove the possession. It directed the center to allot 5-acre land to the Sunni Waqf Board for the construction of a mosque.

The verdict was pronounced by a 5 judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. The bench also comprised of justices Ashok Bhushan, S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud and S Abdul Nazeer. In a verdict 5-0, all the justices stood unanimous.

Timeline of Ayodhya Land Dispute

  • 1885: First Suit filed by Mahanth Raghubar Das to construct Ram Temple in Ayodhya.
  • 1949: Idols of Lord Ram found in side Babri Masjid.
  • Between 1950 and  1990 5 other suits were filed both by Hindu and Muslim religious organizations
  • 1992: Babri Masjid was demolished by dozens of right-wing activists.
  • 2010: The Allahabad High Court pronounced a judgement that divided the disputed land among three litigants namely Nirmohi Akhara, Sunni Waqf Board and Ram Lalla.