Supreme Court Current Affairs - 2020

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US President Donald Trump acquitted at the Senate

On February 5, 2020, US President Donald Trump who had been impeached by the House of Representatives has been acquitted at the Senate trial. He now becomes the third President in the US history to be impeached by House of Representatives and acquitted by the Senate. The other two Presidents were Bill Clinton in 1999 and Andrew Johnson in 1868.

Highlights

Mr Trump was accused of charges that he had sought help from Ukraine to bolster his 2020 re-election. The Supreme Court Judge who presided over the trial adjudged the case as two-thirds of the senators pronounced him not guilty.

US President Impeachment

The Constitution of United States authorizes the House of Representatives to remove a US President over a simple majority vote. At the house of Senate, the President is impeached through a trial presided over by the Chief Justice of Supreme Court that requires two-thirds majority.

India

The Impeachment Procedure of President of India is provided in the Article 61 of the Indian Constitution. In India the President shall be impeached for violating Constitution of India.

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Supreme Court directs states to set up Gram Nyayalayas

On February 3, 2020, the Supreme Court of India directed the states to establish “Gram Nyayalayas” within four weeks’ time span. The apex court has directed the corresponding state high courts to expedite the process of consultation with the state governments.

Highlights

The Gram Nyayalayas act, 2008 was passed to provide establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grass root level. The main objective of the judicial body is to provide inexpensive justice in rural areas.

The current scenario of the states with respect to the Gram Nyayalayas were submitted by the SC Advocate Prashant Bhushan.

Current Scenario of the States

According to the report presented by the Advocate, Goa has issued two notification to establish the Gram Nyayalayas. However, none are functioning at the moment. Haryana had issued notification for 3 and Currently only two are functioning.

In Jharkhand, 6 were notified, but only one is functioning. The state of Uttar Pradesh notified 113 Gram Nyayalayas. However, only 14 are functioning. The state had to establish 822.

At present, only 208 Gram Nyayalayas are functioning as against 2,500 required to function according to the 12th five-year plan.

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