Sushma Swaraj Current Affairs

Janadriyah: Sushma Swaraj inaugurates Saudi Arabia’s National Heritage Festival

King Salman bin Abdulaziz in presence of External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj inaugurated 32nd edition of Saudi Arabia’s National Heritage Festival in Janadriyah village, Riyadh. This year India is guest of honor country.

Key Facts

Jenadriyah is cultural and heritage festival of Saudi Arabia. It is held annually at Jenadriyah village near Riyadh. It is organised every year by National Guard. It was held for first time in 1985. It draws more than one million visitors every year.

The festival normally falls during the month of February or March. The activities in festivals include camel race, horse race, sports, dance, arts, history, falconry, and traditional arts and crafts.

The India Pavilion at festival was based on the theme ‘Saudi ka dost Bharat’. It showcased traditional and modern aspects of India and its culture. Previous guests of honor countries were Turkey, Russia, France, Japan, South Korea, China, UAE and Germany.

India-Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is India’s fourth largest trade partner after China, US and UAE. It is major source of India’s energy security requirement as it accounts for almost one-fifth of India’s crude oil requirement. The volume of bilateral trade between both countries during 2016-17 was recorded at $25.079 billion. Saudi Arabia is home to more than 3 million Indian people.

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India’s contribution to UN increases to Rs 244 crore in 2015-16: Government

India’s contribution to the United Nations has rose by 55% to Rs 244 crore in 2015-16 compared with the previous fiscal. In 2014-15, India had contributed Rs 157 crore.

It was announced by Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in the Lok Sabha. In the same period, India also made voluntary contributions to tune of Rs 22 crore to international organisations, including UN agencies.

For the period 2016-18, India’s Scale of Assessment for the UN’s Regular and Peacekeeping budgets has been fixed at 0.737% and 0.1474%, respectively.

How countries contribute to UN?

Each UN member is required to contribute to the organisation’s Regular and Peacekeeping budgets. These obligatory contributions are calculated based on a member’s relative ‘capacity to pay’. It is defined through a scale of assessment that takes into account the member country’s Gross National Income relative to the Global Gross National Income, further adjusted for the level of its national external debt and low per capita income. For Peacekeeping budget all permanent members of the UN Security Council (UNSC) bear special responsibilities for the maintenance of international peace and security, but they also contribute additional amounts.

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