Sustainable Development Current Affairs - 2020

May 16: International Day of Light

Every year, on May 16, International Day of Light is celebrated by UNESCO. The day is being celebrated to mark the first successful operation of LASER in 1960. The first successful LASER operation was done by an engineer and physicist Theodore Maiman.

Highlights

The day celebrates the role of light in art, culture, science, sustainable development and education. The day is administered by International Basic Science Programme that is conducted by UNESCO.

International Basic Science Programme

The Programme was established by UNESCO and its member states to reinforce intergovernmental cooperation between partner organizations to strengthen national capacities in basic sciences.

Goals

The International Day of Light day aims to improve the public understanding of how light and light based technologies help in development of future society. It also signifies the fact that technology help in playing greater role in saving energy and therefore, lighting technologies need to be protected.

IISD: India’s Renewable Subsidies decline by 35%

The Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CCEW) and International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) recently released a report called “Mapping India’s Energy Subsidies, 2020”.

Highlights

The report says that India’s energy subsidies have declined by 35% in 2019 as compared to 2017. On the other hand, the oil and gas subsidies have increase by 65%.

The report also says that the subsidy expenditure of the country is to be greatly affected by the COVID-19 crisis. The Economic stimulus package of India is to be the main source to drive the energy sector in the future.

Key Observations of the report

The institutes have observed that India has shifted from public resources towards clean energy in the last 6 years. The fossil fuel subsidies have dropped by more than half. On the other hand, the subsidies for electric vehicles and renewable energy have increased by three and a half times since 2014.

The subsidies of electric cars have increased by 11 times since 2017.