Sustainable Development Goal Current Affairs - 2020

April 21: World Creativity and Innovation Day

Every year on April 21, the World Creativity and Innovation Day is celebrated by the United Nations. The day creates awareness about the importance of innovation and creativity to achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. They are also called the Global goals.

Highlights

Creativity and Innovation are the two main wealth of a country in the 21st century according to the Creative Economy Report published by United Nations Development Programme, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and UNOSSC (United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation).

At this moment, when COVID-19 has induced international lock down, it is important for major economic players to be creative to keep the global economy running.

Significance

The report says that creative industries and culture should be the major economic strategies of a country. These industries have a potential of generating 2.25 billion USD revenue worldwide. It is also capable of producing 29.5 million jobs world wide.

March 22: World Water Day

Every year since 1993, World Water Day is being celebrated on March 22. It is being celebrated to spread the importance of fresh water. The day is celebrated by United Nations as well along with various other organizations all over the world. The theme of World Water Day is

Theme: Water and Climate Change

Significance

The main purpose of World Water Day is to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6. This includes Water and Sanitation for all by 2030.

Need

By 2050, more than 5.7 billion people are to live in areas where is to go scarce. The water demand all over the world is to increase by 50% by 2040. Therefore, it is important to mark more such events that aims at conserving water.

History

The day began in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. At the conference, the UN passed a resolution to observe World Water Day. Since then several events have been added. It includes the International Year of Cooperation in the Water Sphere, 2013. Apart from this, currently International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development (2018-28) is also being marked.