Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The United Nations report World Economic Situation and Prospects 2019 discusses various challenges in attaining the sustainable development goals. The challenges listed are:
- Economic growth is uneven and is failing to reach where it is most needed. Per capita incomes would stagnate or grow only marginally in 2019 in several parts of Africa, Western Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Even where the per capita growth is strong, economic activity is driven by core industrial and urban regions, leaving peripheral and rural areas behind.
- The report notes that eradicating poverty by 2030 will require both double-digit growth in Africa and steep reductions in income inequality. This seems a distant possibility in the current scenario.
- The confluence of risks is clouding and it may severely disrupt economic activity and inflict significant damage on longer-term development prospects.
- The various risks include escalation of trade policy disputes; financial instabilities linked to elevated levels of debt; and rising climate risks, as the world experiences an increasing number of extreme weather events.
The report notes that the simultaneous appearance of several important risks endangers efforts to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development containing 17 specific goals to promote prosperity and social well-being while protecting the environment.
The think tank through slew of initiatives is aiding the government in building an inclusive and sustainable India. The major initiatives of Niti Aayog in 2018 are detailed below.
Initiatives of Niti Aayog
To boost the competitive federalism Niti Aayog has taken following steps:
- NITI Aayog has finalized indices to measure incremental annual outcomes in critical social sectors like health, education, water and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
- Niti Aayog has developed the District Hospital Index to measure and monitor the performance of hospitals with a focus on outputs and outcomes.
- Niti Aayog has developed the ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ Report also known as the ‘Health Index’.
- Niti Aayog has announced the Composite Water Management Index to assess and improve the performance of States/ Union Territories in efficient management of water resources.
- Niti Aayog is in the process of formulating ‘School Education Quality Index (SEQI)’, ‘SDG India Index’ and the ‘Digital Transformation Index’ (DTI) to measure states’ progress in respective sectors.
Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH)
Niti Aayog aimed at initiating transformation in two key social sectors of education and health has initiated SATH. Under SATH, Niti Aayog aims to bring transformative change by hand-holding States towards improving their social sector indicators and providing technical support over three years.
Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Karnataka were selected to improve their healthcare delivery and in education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand were selected by Niti Aayog through a unique challenge method.
Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat
The Initiative of Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat aims to make our country united, strong and promote excellence in all walks of life by means of long-term inter-state engagements through cultural exchanges and education. Niti Aayog is actively collaborating with various ministries in the implementation.
Development Support Services to States (DSSS) for Development of Infrastructure
Niti Aayog has launched DSSS to de-risk projects and address key structural issues in project development and build institutional and organizational capacities. The initiative aims at establishing a Centre-State partnership model and reignite and establish Private Public Partnership across infrastructure sectors.
Public-Private Partnership in Health
To aid States in achieving the health goals in the area of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of select Non-Communicable processes, viz. Cardiac Sciences, Oncology and Pulmonary Sciences, Niti Aayog has developed a guiding framework for States, for implementation at the district hospital level, focusing on tier II/ tier III cities and by engaging services of private/voluntary sector providers. Niti Aayog has also developed a model concessionaire agreement along with the guidelines for promoting PPP in Healthcare.
Niti Aayog is working tirelessly in resolving pending issues with the Central Ministries from all States and UTs. Niti Aayog is also providing a platform to share best practices among states and for collaboration to achieve common good.
State Human Development Report
Niti Aayog assisted states of Maharashtra, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Nagaland, Bundelkhand region and Delhi in the preparation of State Human Development Reports.
Transforming of 115 identified Aspirational Districts
Niti Aayog is the driving force behind the Aspirational District Programme (ADP) which aims at rapidly transforming 115 identified districts that have shown relatively lesser progress in key social areas and have emerged as pockets of under-development, thereby posing a challenge to ensure balanced regional development.