Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2020

May 2: World Tuna Day

Every year, World Tuna Day is observed by the United Nations to spread the importance of conservation of the Tuna Fish species. The tuna and tuna like species are economically important for both developing and developed countries.

Highlights

The United Nations passed a resolution in 2016 and the world Tuna Day is being observed since 2017. The day is marked to prevent tuna fish stocks from crashing.

SDG 14

Several countries are dependent on tuna resources for nutrition and food security, revenue, livelihood, recreation, economic development. The day hence helps to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 14, that is Life Below Water. It aims to conserve and sustainably use seas, oceans and marine resources.

Significance

Every year more than 7 million tonnes of tuna fishes are harvested. The tuna fish account to 20% of marine capture of fisheries and 8% of globally traded sea food. The United Nations suggests implementing legal framework of the UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea) as the tuna stocks in the world oceans are declining.

According to Food and Agriculture Organization there are more than 96 countries that are involved in conservation of tuna fishes.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 has increased the demand for canned Tuna in the world.

NAFED to distribute 6 lakh metric tonnes of pulses under PM Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana

The National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) is to distribute 6 lakh metric tonnes of pulses to around 20 crore house holds under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana. The work is to be undertaken by the scheme for 3 months.

Highlights

Under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana, every household is to receive 1 kilogram of pulses. The operation includes obtaining un-milled pulses from godowns, cleaning them and sending them to the states for distribution through the Public Distribution System. The NAFED under the scheme is to distribute more than 5.88 lakh metric tonnes of pulses.

National Food Security Act

The pulses are distributed under the National food Security Act. The act was introduced by GoI in 2013. The main aim of the act was to provide subsidized food grains to the citizens. The annual allocation of food grains under NFSA is 610 Lakh tonnes. The act is in line with sustainable goal of the United Nations. It is Goal 2 that aims to end hunger by 2030

Current Scenario

Currently, around 100 Dal mills have been pulled into service. Around 17 state sand union territories have started the distribution of pulses. This includes Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu.