Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2020
The NITI Aayog and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and entered into three-year partnership. The MoU was signed during Government and Business Partnership Conclave held in New Delhi. This partnership focuses on specific activities that seek to develop vision and action agenda for businesses and industries to contribute to SDGs, annual status reports and sector-specific best practise documents.
Government and Business Partnership Conclave
It was jointly organised by NITI Aayog, CII and United Nations. IT witnessed participation from senior officials from Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Power and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
On sidelines of this conclave, CII also launched report—Indian Solutions for the World to Achieve SDGs. The report deep-dives into each of SDGs, targets and business implications thereof. It also cites examples that illustrate how companies have incorporated SDGs framework into their business strategy and gone about achieving them.
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
CII is an association of Indian businesses which works to create environment conducive to growth of industry in India. The headquarters of CII is located at New Delhi.
Tags: Business • CII • Economy • Niti Aayog • Sustainable Development Goals
According to United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report, number of hungry people in world has risen for first time in more than decade. There are now approximately 38 million more undernourished people in the world, rising from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016.
The report is an overview of progress towards achieving 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG), which consists of 17 goals and 169 targets. It was adopted at t UN Sustainable Development Summit on September 25, 2015. The deadline to meet them is 2030.
Key Highlights of report
Key Factors for rinsing Hunger: Conflict, drought and disasters linked to climate change are among the key factors causing this reversal in progress. Violent conflict is now one of the main drivers of food insecurity in 18 countries and it has led to the forced displacement of record high 68.5 million in 2017.
Improvements: The number of people living on less than $2 a day declined from 26.9% of the world’s population in 2000 to 9.2% in 2017. The mortality rate for children under five has dropped by almost 50% the least developed countries.
South Asia: The region (which also includes India) has seen child marriage rates plunge, with girl’s risk of getting married in childhood dropping by 40% from 2000 to 2017. The water stress levels for many countries in region are above 70%, indicating fast-approaching water scarcity. More than nine out of 10 people living in urban areas around world are breathing polluted air, with southern Asia scoring worst in this area. While electricity and sanitation deficits in south Asia are still poor, but efforts are being made to close the gap.
Need to achieve deadline: Just 12 years left to 2030 deadline, achieving 2030 SDG Agenda requires immediate and accelerated actions by countries along with collaborative partnerships among governments and stakeholders at all levels.