Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2019
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United Nations Secretary-General (UNSG) Antonio Guterres recently appointed Indian-origin Anita Bhatia as Deputy Executive Director of United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) for Resource Management, Sustainability and Partnerships.
- Earlier Lakshmi Puri, Veteran Indian diplomat and a gender equality champion had served as Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations and Deputy Executive Director of UN Women.
- The key appointment comes less than a week after Antonio Guterres appointed Lieutenant General Shailesh Tinaikar an Indian Army officer as new Force Commander of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS ).
About Anita Bhatia
- She is a veteran in strategic partnerships, resource mobilisation and management.
- She has had a distinguished career at World Bank (WB) Group, has served in various senior leadership and management positions, both at the headquarters (Washington, D.C., United States) and in the field.
About UN Women
- The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) is the UN’s agency focused on women empowerment and gender equality.
- Background: It was established in July 2010 by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and is headquartered in New York City, United States. It became operational in January 2011.
- Objective: UN Women is a global champion for women and girls which seeks to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide.
- Function: It works globally to make vision of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) a reality for women and girls and stands behind women’s equal participation in all aspects of life.
Tags: Anita Bhatia • Antonio Guterres • Lakshmi Puri • SDG • Shailesh Tinaikar • Sustainable Development Goals • UN Mission in South Sudan • UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres • UN Women • UNGS • United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Wome • United Nations General Assembly • United Nations Secretary-General • UNMISS • UNSG • World Bank
The World Bee Day is celebrated every year on May 20. It marks the birthday anniversary of beekeeping pioneer Anton Janša. The theme for World Bee Day 2019 was “Save the Bees”.
About World Bee Day
- Background: 20 May was designated as World Bee Day by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by unanimously passing a resolution proposed by Slovenia in December 2017. The resolution called for adoption of specific conservation measures and highlighted importance of preservation of bees and their significance for humanity.
- Objective: To raise awareness about importance of bees and pollinators, threats faced by them, their contribution to sustainable development and to acknowledge their role in ecosystem.
- Reason: The day 20 May coincides with birth anniversary of Anton Janaa, an 18th century beekeeping pioneer. He pioneered modern beekeeping techniques in his native country Slovenia and praised bees for their ability to work so hard even while needing so little attention.
- Value of bees: Bees and other Pollinators like bats, butterflies, and hummingbirds allow many plants (including food crops) to reproduce. About 33% of world’s food production depends on bees thus they are vital for preservation of biodiversity, ecological balance in nature and helpful in reducing pollution.
- Apart from contributing directly to global food security, they are also key to conserving biodiversity, which is a cornerstone of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). They guard and even act as an indicator for emerging environmental risks and signal health of local ecosystems, thus act as our allies against climate change.
- Threat: Bees and other Pollinators are increasingly under threat from human activities. Invasive insects, pesticides, land-use change and monocropping practices (agricultural practice of growing a single crop without rotation) may reduce available nutrients and poses greatest threats to bee colonies.