Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2020

India to contribute $22 mn to GFTAM for 2020-22

India has announced contribution of $22 million to Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM) for 6th Replenishment Cycle (for year 2020-22). This is an increase of 10% over the amount contributed by India in 5th cycle.

Key Highlights

India stands firm to its long-standing partnership with Global Fund and its commitment to eliminate AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

India’s pledge for the Global Fund demonstrates

  • Its strong political leadership and commitment to fight HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria and to achieve the universal health for all.
  • Its equally strong commitment to work across borders by joining hands in fighting epidemics of these three diseases.

India was the 1st implementing country to host a replenishment milestone of Global Fund. It has now become 1st among G20, BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and implementer countries to announce the pledge for 6th Replenishment Conference, thus setting up a precedent for other donors to contribute generously for the global cause.

Financing efforts to accomplish India’s goals of elimination of TB, HIV and Malaria and has inched a step closer in this direction by with increasing pledge amount and stepping up Global Fund efforts to strengthen health systems and save 16 million more lives across the world.

Partnership between India and Global Fund

India shares a sustained partnership with Global Fund since 2002 both as recipient and as a donor.

With investment of nearly $2 billion so far, Global Fund support has made significant contribution in attaining India’s targets related to HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria reduction as well as escalating country’s fight against these three diseases.

In current funding cycle (2018-21), the Global Fund has allocated $500 million to India. As a donor, India has contributed $46.5 million so far till 2019 including US$ 20 million for 5th Replenishment Cycle.

Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund)

The international organization commenced its operations in January 2002 and maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.

It is an international financing and partnership organization that aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria to support attainment of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Global Fund is a financing mechanism rather than an implementing agency and is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.

14th UNCCD COP inaugurated at Greater Noida

The 12-day 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) inaugurated at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

During the meet, Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Prakash Javadekar expressed that mass awareness and public participation is the need of the hour as be it climate change or desertification, human actions have a role in disturbing balance of nature.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the high-level segment meeting on 9 September 2019.

Key Highlights

Participants: An estimated 7,200 participants including ministers and representatives of governments, intergovernmental and non-government organizations, scientists, women and youth from 197 Parties are expected.

COP will take around 30 decisions with actions that aim to strengthen land-use policies worldwide and address emerging threats which includes forced migration, sand and dust storms, and droughts.

122 countries which includes Russia, China, Brazil, India, South Africa and Nigeria which are among the largest and most populous nations on Earth have agreed to make Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of achieving land degradation neutrality a national target.

Significance: Such large scale conferences holds importance as many countries come together at a world platform like this to share good stories and experiences that will help the world. UNCCD is very important as it is expected that some good outcomes which will be notified in Delhi Declaration, which will form the future course of action.

About UN Convention to Combat Desertification

UNCCD is an international agreement on good land stewardship (carefully and responsibly conducting, supervising or managing).

It helps countries, people and communities to create wealth, grow economies and secure sufficient food, water and energy. It ensures that land users have an enabling environment for sustainable land management.

The 197 Parties to Convention, through partnerships set up robust systems to manage drought promptly and effectively.

Good land stewardship based on a sound policy and science helps integrate and accelerate achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), builds resilience to climate change and prevents biodiversity loss.

NOTE:

In 2019, India being the global host for COP 14 will take over COP Presidency from China for next 2 years i.e. till 2021.

India among selected few countries to have hosted COP of all 3 Rio conventions on climate change, biodiversity and land. Now by hosting COP 14, India will highlight its leadership in navigating land management agenda at global level and will also provide a stage to mainstream sustainable land management in country’s national development policies.