Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Current Affairs - 2020

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana launched to fight COVID-19

On March 26, 2020, the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman launched Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana. The scheme is an economic help package for people in the country to fight against COVID-19 and its effects. Around 1.7 lakh crore has been allocated under the package.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana

Under the scheme, around 80 crore people are to get 5 kg of free rice and wheat for the next three months. This is additional to the already allotted 5 kg of subsidized rice and wheat. Along with this, they will also get 1 kg of free pulses per household. The scheme will provide insurance cover for doctors, sanitation workers, nurses, paramedics and other staffs working on the front line in the fight against the virus.

The scheme is to perform a direct benefit transfer of Rs 1000 to old age, Divyangs and pensioners. This will benefit 3 crore people.

Apart from this, the funds allocated are to be spread across several other government schemes

Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana

The scheme is to offer free cylinders under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Scheme. This will benefit around 8.3 crore Below Poverty Line Families.

MNREGA

The economic package has increased daily wages of MNREGA from Rs 182 to Rs 202. This is to benefit 5 crore workers.

During Lock Down, when people are to stay indoors, the workers will not be able to work under MNREGA scheme. Then why include MNREGA? It is to be noted that GoI has now included sanitation workers under MNREGA scheme. And sanitation workers are to work full time and their salaries have been doubled as well. Also, they are to get Rs 2000 extra perks for a period of three months. The inclusion of the sanitation workers under MNREGA  had been made when GoI introduced Phase II of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

Under the scheme, women account holders will receive Rs 500 per month for the next three months. Under this step, around 20 crore account holders are to be benefitted.

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Cabinet approves Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved on implementing the phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission. The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.

Highlights

The budget allocated for phase II of the mission is Rs 52,497 crores. The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).

Apart from the focus maintaining the status of Open Defecation Free, the mission also aims to provide rural employment. It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic  waste management, fecal sludge management and greywater management.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched in August 2019. The mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.

Financial Assistance

An incentive of Rs 12,000 is to be provided for the construction of individual household toilet. An additional financial assistance of Rs 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs is to be provided for Gram Panchayats to construct Community managed Sanitary Complexes.

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