Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Current Affairs - 2020
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The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on December 31, 2019, released Swachh Survekshan League in New Delhi. Around 4,372 cities participated in the league. It is a cleanliness survey that helps in competitive federalism.
In the category of 10 lakh plus population, Indore secured first place. Indore has remained in first place for the last three years. Following Indore, Bhopal and Surat are in second and third places respectively. In the category of population between one lakh and 10 lakhs, Jamshedpur was in 1st spot following New Delhi and Khargone.
The focus of the survey was on waste water treatment, faecal sludge management. The survey also focused on implementation of ODF+, water plus and ODF++ protocols of the ministry of housing and urban affairs.
In Competitive Federalism, the relationship between Central and state governments are vertical and between the state governments are horizontal. The ranking of the cities based on cleanliness helps in promoting competition among them. The idea was mooted during economic reforms in the country in 1990s. The states will compete with each other that will help achieve efficiency in administration also will enhance developmental activities.
Tags: cleanliness • competitive federalism • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs • Open Defecation Free • Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan
On December 23, 2019, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced that urban areas of 35 states have been declared Open Defecation Free. It includes 4,167 cities. The target has been achieved through third party verification.
According to the ministry, the target has been achieved by constructing 65.81 lakh househols toilets as against the target of 59 lakhs. In order to achieve the target, the ministry had launched ODF+ and ODF++ protocols. The ministry also launched Water+ protocol to make sure that no untreated waste water is discharged into water bodies.
How was the target achieved?
The Ministry partnered with Google and mapped all the public toilets for ease of access to citizens. Today around 2,300 cities have more than 57,000 public toilets mapped on google maps.
With Star Rating Protocol the ministry streamlines solid waste management in cities. With door to door garbage collection and garbage processing and waste recycling methods, today more than 57 cities have been rated as 3-star cities and 4-cities (Indore, Ambikapur, Mysuru and Navi Mumbai) have been rated 5-star cities.
Plastic management in the cities were also streamlined complying with Plastic Management rules.
The ministry is currently working with 46 cement plants where the plastic wastes can be sent directly for recycling and reusage.
The Swachh Bharat Mission for urban areas is being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The mission for rural areas is being implemented by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The rural areas of India were declared Open Defecation Free on October 2, 2019. PM Modi declared rural India ODF during his address at 150th birth anniversary celebration of Mahatma Gandhi.