Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Current Affairs - 2020

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Swachh Bharat Mission achieves its urban target

On December 23, 2019, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced that urban areas of 35 states have been declared Open Defecation Free. It includes 4,167 cities. The target has been achieved through third party verification.

Highlights

According to the ministry, the target has been achieved by constructing 65.81 lakh househols toilets as against the target of 59 lakhs. In order to achieve the target, the ministry had launched ODF+ and ODF++ protocols. The ministry also launched Water+ protocol to make sure that no untreated waste water is discharged into water bodies.

How was the target achieved?

The Ministry partnered with Google and mapped all the public toilets for ease of access to citizens. Today around 2,300 cities have more than 57,000 public toilets mapped on google maps.

With Star Rating Protocol the ministry streamlines solid waste management in cities. With door to door garbage collection and garbage processing and waste recycling methods, today more than 57 cities have been rated as 3-star cities and 4-cities (Indore, Ambikapur, Mysuru and Navi Mumbai) have been rated 5-star cities.

Plastic management in the cities were also streamlined complying with Plastic Management rules. 

The ministry is currently working with 46 cement plants where the plastic wastes can be sent directly for recycling and reusage.

Operating ministries

The Swachh Bharat Mission for urban areas is being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The mission for rural areas is being implemented by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The rural areas of India were declared Open Defecation Free on October 2, 2019. PM Modi declared rural India ODF during his address at 150th birth anniversary celebration of Mahatma Gandhi.

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NSO report: Rural India yet to become Open Defecation Free

The NSO under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted survey on drinking water, hygiene, sanitation and housing condition between the period July 2018 and December 2018. According to the survey one fourth of the households had no access to toilets.

The main objective of this survey was to gather information about sanitation along with housing facilities available to the households and micro environment surrounding the houses. The survey is important as the GoI is currently working on a set target of Drinking Water for all by 2024.

Highlights

The survey says that around 42.9% of the households in rural areas and around 40.9% households in urban areas are still using hand pumps. About 80.7% in urban area and 58.2% in rural areas had drinking water facilities within the household premises.

The survey reports that around 94.5% in rural and 97.4% in urban used improved water resources. Improved water resources include piped water, hand pump, tube well, protected spring, private tanker truck, rain water collection and bottled water.

Open Defecation

The Swacch Bharat Mission declared India open defecation free on October 2, 2019. However, according to the survey 71.3% in rural and 96.2% in urban had no access to toilets. Proper drainage system was found only in 61.1% of rural households and 92% of urban households.

Micro Environment

Around 48.3% of households in rural and 86.6% in urban used LPG as fuel. 48.1% of households in rural areas and 71.1% of urban households disposed household waste water without treatment to drainage system.

Under Swachh Bharat Mission, door step collection of garbage and segregated collection of garbage is being implemented. However, the survey says that 70.3% of households urban and 72.4% of households in rural still disposed garbage in community dumping spots, open land, waste land, etc.

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